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Acoustic characteristics prediction and optimization of wheel resonators with arbitrary section
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
To be published on April 14, 2020 by SAE International in United States
Tire cavity noise of pure electric vehicles is particularly prominent due to the absence of engine noise, which are usually eliminated by adding Helmholtz resonators with arbitrary transversal section to the wheel rims. This paper provides theoretical basis for accurately predicting and effectively improving acoustic performance of wheel resonators. A hybrid finite element method is developed to extract the transversal wavenumbers and eigenvectors, and the mode-matching scheme is employed to determine the transmission loss of the Helmholtz resonator. Based on the accuracy validation of this method, the matching design of the wheel resonators and the optimization method of tire cavity noise are studied. The identification method of the tire cavity resonance frequency is developed through the acoustic modal simulation and test. A scientific transmission loss target curve and fitness function are defined according to the noise characteristics. Combing the transmission loss prediction theory and particle swarm algorithm, the structure parameters of the wheel resonator are optimized. A remarkable attenuation of tire cavity resonance can be observed through test results.