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Integrated Regenerative Braking System and Anti-Lock Braking System for Hybrid Electric Vehicles & Battery Electric Vehicles
ISSN: 2641-9637, e-ISSN: 2641-9645
Published April 14, 2020 by SAE International in United States
Citation: Yao, Y., Zhao, Y., and Yamazaki, M., "Integrated Regenerative Braking System and Anti-Lock Braking System for Hybrid Electric Vehicles & Battery Electric Vehicles," SAE Int. J. Adv. & Curr. Prac. in Mobility 2(3):1592-1601, 2020, https://doi.org/10.4271/2020-01-0846.
This paper describes development of an integrated regenerative braking system and anti-lock brake system (ABS) control during an ABS event for hybrid and electric vehicles with drivelines containing a single electric motor connected to the axle shaft through an open differential. The control objectives are to recuperate the maximum amount of kinetic energy during an ABS event, and to provide no degraded anti-lock control behavior as seen in vehicles with regenerative braking disabled. The paper first presents a detailed control system analysis to reveal the inherent property of non-zero regenerative braking torque control during ABS event and explain the reason why regenerative braking torque can increase the wheel slip during ABS event with existing regenerative braking control strategies. Then, the regenerative brake control problem during ABS events is formulated with a unified control system architecture where the regenerative braking torque is coordinated with the friction braking torque of ABS system. An integrated closed loop based wheel slip control including both regenerative braking control loop and friction braking control loop during ABS event, referred to as RBS-ABS event control, is developed. The maximum regenerative braking is achieved and optimal vehicle braking performances and vehicle stability are maintained during ABS event. Finally, simulation tests are provided to illustrate RBS-ABS event control as an effective solution to satisfy desired wheel slip with the same level of stop distance in comparison with that of ABS control only while performing energy recuperation.