This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

A Fast Modeling Approach for the Numerical Prediction of Urea Deposit Formation

Journal Article
2020-01-0358
ISSN: 2641-9637, e-ISSN: 2641-9645
Published April 14, 2020 by SAE International in United States
A Fast Modeling Approach for the Numerical Prediction of Urea Deposit Formation
Sector:
Citation: Budziankou, U., Quissek, M., and Lauer, T., "A Fast Modeling Approach for the Numerical Prediction of Urea Deposit Formation," SAE Int. J. Adv. & Curr. Prac. in Mobility 2(3):1337-1355, 2020, https://doi.org/10.4271/2020-01-0358.
Language: English

References

  1. Birkhold , F. , Meingast , U. , Wassermann , P. , and Deutschmann , O. Analysis of the Injection of Urea-Water-Solution for Automotive SCR DeNOx-Systems: Modeling of Two-Phase Flow and Spray/Wall-Interaction SAE Technical Paper 2006-01-0643 2006 https://doi.org/10.4271/2006-01-0643
  2. Abu-Ramadan , E. , Saha , K. , and Li , X. Numerical Modeling of the Impingement Process of Urea-Water Solution Spray on the Heated Walls of SCR Systems SAE Technical Paper 2012-01-1301 2012 https://doi.org/10.4271/2012-01-1301
  3. Grout , S. , Blaisot , J.-B. , Pajot , K. , and Osbat , G. Experimental Investigation on the Injection of an Urea-Water Solution in Hot Air Stream for the SCR Application: Evaporation and Spray/Wall Interaction Fuel 106 166 177 2013
  4. Smith , H. , Lauer , T. , Mayer , M. , and Pierson , S. Optical and Numerical Investigations on the Mechanisms of Deposit Formation in SCR Systems SAE Int. J. Fuels Lubr. 7 525 542 2014 https://doi.org/10.4271/2014-01-1563
  5. Brack , W. , Heine , B. , Birkhold , F. , Kruse , M. , and Deutschmann , O. Formation of Urea-Based Deposits in an Exhaust System: Numerical Predictions and Experimental Observations on a Hot Gas Test Bench Emission Control Science and Technology 2 115 123 2016
  6. Börnhorst , M. and Deutschmann , O. Single Droplet Impingement of Urea Water Solution on a Heated Substrate International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow 69 55 61 2018
  7. Bai , S.Z. , Lang , S.G. , Yuan , K.P. , Liu , Y. , and Li , G.X. Experimental Study of Urea Depositions in Urea-SCR System Advanced Materials Research 937 74 79 2014
  8. Börnhorst , M. , Langheck , S. , Weickenmeier , H. , Dem , C. et al. Characterization of Solid Deposits from Urea Water Solution Injected into a Hot Gas Test Rig Chemical Engineering Journal 2018
  9. Schaber , P.M. , Colson , J. , Higgins , S. , Thielen , D. et al. Thermal Decomposition (Pyrolysis) of Urea in an Open Reaction Vessel Thermochimica Acta 424 131 142 2004
  10. Bernhard , A.M. , Peitz , D. , Elsener , M. , Wokaun , A. , and Kröcher , O. Hydrolysis and Thermolysis of Urea and Its Decomposition Byproducts Biuret, Cyanuric Acid and Melamine over Anatase TiO2 Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 115-116 129 137 2012
  11. Brack , W. , Heine , B. , Birkhold , F. , Kruse , M. et al. Kinetic Modeling of Urea Decomposition Based on Systematic Thermogravimetric Analyses of Urea and Its Most Important By-Products Chemical Engineering Science 106 1 8 2014
  12. Strots , V.O. , Santhanam , S. , Adelman , B.J. , Griffin , G.A. , and Derybowski , E.M. Deposit Formation in Urea-SCR Systems SAE Int. J. Fuels Lubr. 2 283 289 2009 https://doi.org/10.4271/2009-01-2780
  13. Eakle , S. , Kroll , S. , Yau , A. , Gomez , J. , and Henry , C. Investigation of Urea Derived Deposits Composition in SCR Systems and Their Potential Effect on Overall PM Emissions SAE Technical Paper 2016-01-0989 2016 https://doi.org/10.4271/2016-01-0989
  14. Varna , A. , Spiteri , A.C. , Wright , Y.M. , Dimopoulos Eggenschwiler , P. , and Boulouchos , K. Experimental and Numerical Assessment of Impingement and Mixing of Urea-Water Sprays for Nitric Oxide Reduction in Diesel Exhaust Applied Energy 157 824 837 2015
  15. Nayak , N.S. The Evaporation and Spray Wall Interaction Behavior of Urea Water Solution (UWS) in Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) Systems of Modern Automobiles SAE Technical Paper 2013-24-0162 2013 https://doi.org/10.4271/2013-24-0162
  16. Fischer , S. , Bitto , R. , Lauer , T. , Krenn , C. et al. Impact of the Turbulence Model and Numerical Approach on the Prediction of the Ammonia Homogenization in an Automotive SCR System SAE Int. J. Engines 5 1443 1458 2012 https://doi.org/10.4271/2012-01-1291
  17. Budziankou , U. , Lauer , T. , Yu , X. , Schmidt , B.M. , and Cho , N. Modeling Approach for a Wiremesh Substrate in CFD Simulation SAE Technical Paper 2017-01-0971 2017 https://doi.org/10.4271/2017-01-0971
  18. Michelin , J. , Nappez , P. , Guilbaud , F. , Hinterberger , C. et al. Advanced Close Coupled SCR Compact Mixer Architecture SAE Technical Paper 2015-01-1020 2015 https://doi.org/10.4271/2015-01-1020
  19. Birkhold , F. , Meingast , U. , Wassermann , P. , and Deutschmann , O. Modeling and Simulation of the Injection of Urea-Water-Solution for Automotive SCR DeNOx-Systems Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 70 119 127 2007
  20. Kontin , S. , Höfler , A. , Koch , R. , and Bauer , H.J. Heat and Mass Transfer Accompanied by Crystallisation of Single Particles Containing Urea-Water-Solution ILASS - Europe, 23rd Annual Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems 2010
  21. Stein , M. , Bykov , V. , and Maas , U. The Effect of Evaporation Models on Urea Decomposition from Urea-Water-Solution Droplets in SCR Conditions Emission Control Science and Technology 3 263 274 2017
  22. Nishad , K. , Sadiki , A. , and Janicka , J. Numerical Investigation of AdBlue Droplet Evaporation and Thermal Decomposition in the Context of NOx-SCR Using a Multi-Component Evaporation Model Energies 11 222 2018
  23. Smith , H. , Zöchbauer , M. , and Lauer , T. Advanced Spray Impingement Modelling for an Improved Prediction Accuracy of the Ammonia Homogenisation in SCR Systems SAE Technical Paper 2015-01-1054 2015 https://doi.org/10.4271/2015-01-1054
  24. Eichelbaum , M. , Siemer , A.B. , Farrauto , R.J. , and Castaldi , M.J. The Impact of Urea on the Performance of Metal-Exchanged Zeolites for the Selective Catalytic Reduction of NOx--Part II Catalytic, FTIR, and NMR Studies, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 97 98 107 2010
  25. Wurzenberger , J.C. and Wanker , R. Multi-Scale SCR Modeling, 1D Kinetic Analysis and 3D System Simulation SAE Technical Paper 2005-01-0948 2005 https://doi.org/10.4271/2005-01-0948
  26. Sadashiva Prabhu , S. , Nayak , N.S. , Kapilan , N. , and Hindasageri , V. An Experimental and Numerical Study on Effects of Exhaust Gas Temperature and Flow Rate on Deposit Formation in Urea-Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) System of Modern Automobiles Applied Thermal Engineering 111 1211 1231 2017
  27. Schellander , D. , Pachler , K. , Schmalhorst , C. , and Nahtigal , A. Predictive Numerical Models and Methods for Selective Catalytic Reactor Applications in Diesel Powered Vehicles COMODIA 9 2017
  28. Habchi , C. , Nicolle , A. , Gillet , N. rical Study of Deposits Formation in SCR Systems Using Urea-Water Solution Injection Journal of Materials Science and Nanotechnology 6 2018
  29. Stiesch , G. Modeling Engine Spray and Combustion Processes Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin, Heidelberg Springer 2003
  30. Fischer , S.
  31. Bhattacharjee , S. , Haworth , D.C. , and Moores , R. CFD Modeling of Processes Upstream of the Catalyst for Urea SCR NOx Reduction Systems in Heavy-Duty Diesel Applications SAE Technical Paper 2011-01-1322 2011 https://doi.org/10.4271/2011-01-1322
  32. Smith , H.
  33. Siemens
  34. Quissek , M. , Lauer , T. , García-Afonso , O. , and Fowles , S. Identification of Film Breakup for a Liquid Urea-Water-Solution and Application to CFD SAE Technical Paper 2019-01-0983 2019 https://doi.org/10.4271/2019-01-0983
  35. Bai , C.X. , Rusche , H. , and Gosman , A.D. 10.1615/AtomizSpr.v12.i123.10
  36. Kuhnke , D. Spray/Wall-Interaction Modelling by Dimensionless Data Analysis Technische Universität Darmstadt 2004
  37. Schiller, L., and Naumann 1933
  38. Incropera , F.P. , DeWitt , D.P. , Bergmann , T.L. , and Lavine , A.S. Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer 7th Hoboken, Netherlands John Wiley & Sons 2013
  39. Garcia Rosa , N. , Villedieu , P. , Dewitte , J. , and Lavergne , G. A New Droplet-Wall Interaction Model 10th International Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems, ICLASS 2006
  40. Wruck , N.
  41. Akao , J. , Akaki , K. , Mori , S. , and Moriyama , A. Deformation Behaviors of a Liquid Droplet Impingement onto a Hot Metal Surface Trans. ISIJ 737 743 1980
  42. Schweigert , D. , Damson , B. , Lüders , H. , Börnhorst , M. , and Deutschmann , O. Heat Transfer during Spray/Wall Interaction with Urea Water Solution: An Experimental Parameter Study International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow

Cited By