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Autonomous Car in India
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
To be published on November 21, 2019 by SAE International in United States
Event: NuGen Summit
Automation is expanding in every possible direction and it was only time before it reached the Automobile sector. There has been tremendous traction towards autonomous cars since last 2-3 yrs as a probable solution to reduce accidents and promote safe and comfortable commute. Many companies have expressed their interest in developing some part(s) of it and when would all of this culminate resulting in a fully autonomous car. But as every coin has two aspects so same does automation. This paper covers the future of autonomous cars from Indian perspective, covering possible challenges, complex use cases, advantages, technology enablers, economy outlook etc. India has the dubious honor of ranking first in road deaths in the world at present & accounts for 10 percent of global road accidents with more than 1.46 lakh fatalities annually. Major automotive and tech companies in world are moving towards Autonomous technology for vehicles to make roads safer and reduce the no. of deaths due to road accident. Many companies have already started testing their vehicle on roads, created separate verticals in organizations to work on this and collecting data and analyzing behavior of this system in real world scenarios. There were cases were the vehicle while in Autonomous mode met with an accident (Tesla) and a person died. (apparently autopilot sensors failed to distinguish between a white tractor trailer against a bright sky) India being a laggard in adopting new technology will notice about the impact of the same once its proven outside. This paper will focus about the future of autonomous cars from Indian perspective, covering Complex use cases: Red-light jumping, Vehicles rarely stop before Zebra Crossing, Unmanned railway crossings, different road rules in different cities, unplanned construction or repair, traffic lights unavailability, scarcity of signage like speed limit etc. Advantages: Possible reduction in no. of road accidents, efficient vehicle driving, less traffic snarls as violations like signal jumping, lane changing will reduce. Risks: Manipulation by an external source/agency (hacker/groups) leading to change in destination Technology enablers: Road Infrastructure, sensor and camera technology, security, information/data encryption.