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Telematics: Solution to Reduce Road Accidents on Indian Roads.
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
To be published on November 21, 2019 by SAE International in United States
Event: NuGen Summit
The number of fatalities due to road accidents in India is increasing at an alarming rate. In 2017, around 4.6 lakhs road accidents were reported due to which around 1.48 lakh people lost their lives. The accident severity i.e. number of deaths per 100 road accidents is reported to be at 31.8 - worst in a period of more than two decades. Passenger vehicles (two wheeler & four wheeler) constituted maximum road accidents, 59% combined. So, a strong sense of responsibility lies on vehicle manufacturers part to help the government agencies to reduce road accidents in India. Majorly road accidents are caused due to bad driving habits, road infrastructure problems, vehicle quality issues, unfavorable weather conditions and India unique chaos on roads. This paper highlights use of telematics to counter road accidents caused by bad driving habits of Indian drivers. Out of the bad driving habits, in 2017, over-speeding accounted for 67% of the road accident deaths. Any connected vehicle solution is capable of capturing basic parameters like vehicle speed, Global Positioning System (GPS) location with time, regularly while the vehicle is in motion. Combining these anonymized vehicle parameters with geographic data of roads, speed heat maps can be prepared. These heat maps visualization will give the traffic police department information about the locations where over-speeding is happening at what particular time of the day. This will enable them to deploy their manpower efficiently and hence effectively penalize the Indian drivers who are constantly over-speeding on identified roads. This solution will involve decoding of the raw vehicle data, geocoding the latitude-longitude of vehicle events and then visualizing the heat maps through geospatial database. The key take away from this study is that connected vehicle environment not only benefits the customer but can also help the government agencies to reduce accidents on roads.