This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Comparative Experimental Investigation of Thumba and Argemone Oil Based Dual Fuel Blend in a Diesel Engine for Its Performance and Emission Characteristics
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published November 21, 2019 by SAE International in United States
This content contains downloadable datasetsAnnotation ability available
Event: NuGen Summit
An experimental investigation was conducted to explore the possibility of using the Thumba oil (Citrullus colocyntis) and Argemone Mexicana (non-edible and adulterer to mustard oil) as a dual fuel blend with diesel as an alternative of using pure diesel for its performance and emission characteristics.
The work was carried on a single cylinder, four strokes, In-line overhead valve, direct injection compression ignition engine. The argemone and Thumba biodiesel were produced using the transesterification process and thereafter the important physio-chemical properties of produced blends were investigated. Four dual biodiesel blends like B10 (5% Argemone, 5% Thumba and 90% Diesel), B20, B30 and B40 were prepared for investigation process. The operating conditions adopted for the study was the entire range of engine loads and speed (1000-1500 r/min) keeping the injection pressure and injection timing at the OEM settings.
In this exertion, performance and emission parameters were evaluated. The performance parameters like brake thermal efficiency (BTE), indicated power, brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC), brake mean effective pressure, indicated mean effective pressure and indicated thermal efficiency were studied and compared with diesel fuel results.
In addition, emission parameters such as carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbon (HC), nitrogen oxides (NOx) and carbon dioxide (CO2) were evaluated by comparing with diesel fuel emission parameters. The results show significant improvement in indicated thermal efficiency with an increased amount of biodiesel blend in diesel when compared to conventional diesel. Moreover, the marginal increase in brake specific fuel consumption was observed, when compared to conventional diesel.
In addition, for exhaust emissions under full load condition it was found that percentage volume of CO released by B10, B20 and pure diesel is 0.09% vol, 0.075% vol and 0.13% vol respectively.
Also, under full load, higher fuel blends (B30 and B40) are significantly producing less HC emission as compared to conventional diesel. Also, it was found that among all blends, heavier blends (B30 and B40) are depicting lesser NOx emission than from pure diesel.
From the results, it can be concluded that Argemone and Thumba dual fuel blend might be used along with diesel for NOx, HC and CO reduction and improved indicated thermal efficiency even at higher loads.
CitationQayoom, S. and Kanchan, S., "Comparative Experimental Investigation of Thumba and Argemone Oil Based Dual Fuel Blend in a Diesel Engine for Its Performance and Emission Characteristics," SAE Technical Paper 2019-28-2375, 2019.
Data Sets - Support Documents
|[Unnamed Dataset 1]|
|[Unnamed Dataset 2]|
|[Unnamed Dataset 3]|
|[Unnamed Dataset 4]|
- Sheehan, J., Camobreco, V., Duffield, J., Shapouri, H., Graboski, M. et al. , “An Overview of Biodiesel and Petroleum Diesel Life Cycles,” U.S. Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 1998, doi:10.2172/771560.
- Pearson, R.J. and Turner, J.W.J. , “Renewable Fuels: An Automotive Perspective,” . In: Sayigh A., editor. Comprehensive Renewable Energy. (Elsevier, 2012), 305-342. ISBN:978-0-08-087873-7.
- Yusoff, M.N.A.M., Zulkifli, N.W.M., Masum, B.M., and Masjuki, H.H. , “Feasibility of Bioethanol and Biobutanol as Transesterification Fuel in Spark-Ignition Engine: A Review,” RSC Adv. 5:100184-100211, 2015, doi:10.1039/C5RA12735A.
- Srithar, K., Balasubramaniam, K.A., Pavendan, V., Kumar, B.A. et al. , “Experimental Investigations on Mixing of Two Biodiesel Blended with Diesel as Alternative Fuel for Diesel Engines,” Journal of King Saud unive-Eng Sci., 2014, doi:10.1016/j.jksues.2014.04.008.
- González Oropeza, R., Samuel, S., Hassaneen, A., and González-González, F. , “Performance and Emission Characteristics of a Diesel Engine Fuelled by Animal and Vegetable Derived Biodiesel and Ultra Low Sulphur Diesel in Mexico City,” SAE Technical Paper 2010-01-0482, 2010, doi:10.4271/2010-01-0482.
- Herrari, P.A., Pattanashetti, A., Hadagali, B., Ghadge, S.S. et al. , IJARIIE 1(4):2395-4396, 2015, doi:16.0415/IJARIIE-1364.
- Pal, A. and Kachhwaha, S.S. , Biodiesel Production of Non-Edible Oils through Ultrasound Energy (Ahmedabad: Institute of Technology, Nirma University, 2011), 382-481.
- Jain, N.L., Soni, S.L., Poonia, M.P., Sharma, D. et al. , “Performance and Emission Characteristics of Preheated and Blended Thumba Vegetable Oil in a Compression Ignition Engine,” Applied Thermal Engineering 113:970-979, 2017, doi:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2016.10.186.
- Karnwal, N., Kumar, N., Hasan, M. et al. , “Production of Biodiesel from Thumba Oil, Optimization of Process Parameters,” Iranica Journal of Energy Environ. 1(4):352-358, 2010.
- Mathur, Y.B., Poonia, M.P., Jethoo, A.S. et al. , “Economics, Formulation Technique and Properties of Biodiesel: A Review,” Universal J. Environ. Res. Technology (2):124-134, 2011.
- Shukla, A.K., Dixit, A.K., and Singh, R.P. , “Identification of Argemone Oil and Its Simple Qualitative Detection in Mustard Oil,” Brassica 5:75-76, 2003.
- Pramanik, P., Das, P., Kim, P.J. et al. , “Preparation of Biofuel from Argemone Seed Oil by an Alternative Cost-Effective Technique,” Fuel 91:81-86, 2012, doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2011.07.011.
- Singh, D., Singh, S.P. et al. , “Low-Cost Production of the Ester from the Non-Edible Oil of Argemone Mexicana,” Biomass Bioenergy 34:545-549, 2010, doi:10.1016/j.biombioe.2009.12.021.
- Pal, A., Kachwaha, S.S., Maji, S., and Babu, M.K.G. , “Thumba Seed Oil: A Sustainable Source of Renewable Energy for Biodiesel Production,” Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research 69:384-389, 2010.
- Mishra, B., Pal, A., Sharma, R.B., and Jain, M. , “Performance Study of a Diesel Engine by Using Thumba Oil (Citrullus colocyntis) Biodiesel and Its Blends with Diesel Fuel and Results,” International Journal of Research in Advent Technologies 3(7), 2015.
- Parida, M.K., Rout, A.K. et al. , “Combustion Analysis of Argemone Mexicana Biodiesel Blends,” Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization and Environmental Effects 698-705, 2017, doi:10.1080/15567036.2016.1256918.
- Kumar, A. and Sharma, S. , “Potential Non-Edible Oil Resources as a Biodiesel Feedstock, an Indian Perspective,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 15:1791-1800, 2011, doi:10.1016/j.rser.2010.11.020.
- Mofizur, M., Atabani, A., Masjuki, H., Kalam, M., and Masum, B. , “A Study on the Effects Promising Edible and Non-Edible Biodiesel Feedstock on Engine Performance and Emissions Production: A Comparative Evaluation,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Reviews 23:391-404, 2013.
- Mehra, T., Kumar, N., Javed, S., Jaiswal, A. et al. , “An Experimental Analysis of Biodiesel Production from Mixture of Neem (Azadirachta indica) Oil and Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) Oil and Its Performance and Emission Testing on a Diesel Engine,” SAE Technical Paper 2016-01-1264, 2016, doi:10.4271/2016-01-1264.
- Hifzur, R., Prakash, J.C., and Snehal, J. , “Performance of a Diesel Engine with Blends of Biodiesel (from a Mixture of Oils) and High-Speed Diesel,” International Journal of Energy and Environment Engineering.
- Qayoom, S. and Kanchan, S. , “Performance and Combustion Characteristics of Thumba and Argemone as Dual Fuel Blends in a DICI Engine: An Experimental Approach,” . In: Advances in Industrial and Production Engineering, Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering. (Singapore, Springer, 2019), 477-488, doi:10.1007/978-981-13-6412-9_47.