This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Comprehensive Investigation of Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene (ABS) Polymer for Weathering with the Combination of Different Blends of UV Stabilizers, HALS and Antioxidant
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published January 09, 2019 by SAE International in United States
This content contains downloadable datasetsAnnotation ability available
The use of polymers in automobiles is increasing constantly and this trend is expected to continue. This clearly indicates that polymer are choice of materials in all the application sectors including in Automobile sector. The main properties in selecting the plastics materials as compared to other materials applied in automobiles are the aesthetic of automotive vehicles, their functionality and cost effective solution, as well as fuel efficiency. These materials are offer remarkable range of appealing properties, the effect of climatic conditions on the degradation and performance of these materials is not fully understood. It is necessary to know the variation of the mechanical properties of any polymer component in automobile after exposed to different atmospheric conditions before particular application. Generally when these components are subjected to weathering effects, they are prone to underperform. Therefore to improve their properties over time, different kinds of UV stabilizers, Hindered amine light stabilizer (HALS) and Antioxidant are used. However there is a need to study which UV stabilizers is to be used for the automobile applications polymers and what are its percentages? In this context, it is proposed to carry out a comprehensive investigation on degradation due to weathering of ABS polymer with the combination of different percentages of UV stabilizers, HALS and antioxidant. This paper briefly explains the effects of the weathering on the behavioral change of ABS polymer mechanical properties which is most commonly used by in automobile manufacturer. It also briefs the methodology of accelerated weathering methods to help in evaluating the permanence of polymers components is also briefly discussed. The results after weathering and mechanical tests were discussed and optimized the percentage of blends as per the application.
CitationBelavadi Venkataramaiah, S., Mannikar, A., Shridhar, T., and Mohan Krishna, S., "Comprehensive Investigation of Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene (ABS) Polymer for Weathering with the Combination of Different Blends of UV Stabilizers, HALS and Antioxidant," SAE Technical Paper 2019-26-0169, 2019, https://doi.org/10.4271/2019-26-0169.
Data Sets - Support Documents
|[Unnamed Dataset 1]|
|[Unnamed Dataset 2]|
|[Unnamed Dataset 3]|
- N., Mayne, “Plastics - A Material Choice in the Automotive Industries,” Association of Plastics Manufactures in Europe.
- V., Shah, Handbook of Plastics Testing Technology (Pomona, CA: Performance Engineered Products, Inc).
- Atlas Material Testing Solutions, Weathering Testing Guidebook (Atlas Electric Devices Company, 2001).
- G., Wypych and W., Andrew, Hand Book of Material Weathering (). ISBN:1-895198-28-3.
- D.V., Rosato, D.V., Rosato, and M.G., Rosato, Plastics Design Hand Book (). ISBN:978-0-7923-7980-5.
- Rubber Hand Book, Fourth Edition (Vanderbilt), ISBN-10:9990566348.
- J.E., Pickett and V., Umamaheswaran, “Highly Predictive Accelerated Weathering of Engineering Thermoplastics,” SAE Technical Paper 2003-01-1192, 2003, doi:10.4271/2003-01-1192.
- A., Masini and P., Feraboli, “Development of a Carbon/Epoxy Body for a High Performance Vehicle,” SAE Technical Paper 2003-01-1195, 2003, doi:10.4271/2003-01-1195.
- M., Carroll and J., Scramlin, “Weathering of Black Plastics for Automotive Exteriors,” SAE Technical Paper 2003-01-1191, 2003, doi:10.4271/2003-01-1191.
- B., Shamsundara and A., Mannikar, “Study on Polymer Degradation due to Weathering and its Effect on Vehicle Safety,” SAE Technical Paper 2011-26-0097, 2011, doi:10.4271/2011-26-0097.
- W., Shi, J., Zhang, X.-M., Shi, and G.-D., Jiang, “Influence of UV Absorber on Photodegradation Processes of Poly(Vinyl Chloride) with Different Average Degrees of Polymerization,” Journal of Polymer Engineering Science, China 47:1480-1490, 2007.
- X., Zhang, H., Pi, and S., Guo, “Photostabilizing Efficiency of Ultraviolet Light Stabilizers for Rigid Poly(Vinyl Chloride) against Photo-Oxidation,” Journal of Polymer Engineering Science, China 53:378-388, 2012.
- M.Y.A., Younan, R., Mohsen, I.M., El-Hennawi, and M.A., El-Rifai, “Effect of Stabilizer Type on Artificial Weathering of Rigid PVC,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science INC 30(5):1999-1200, May 1985.
- J.B., Adeniyi and E.G., Kolawole, “Thermal and Photo-Degradation of Unstabilized ABS,” European Polymer Journal 20(1):43-47, 1984.
- R., Ramani and C., Ranganathaiah, “Degradation of Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene and Polycarbonate by UV Radiation,” Journal of Polymer Degradation and Stability 69(3):347-354, Sept. 1, 2000.
- A., Boldizar and K., Moller, “Degradation of ABS during Repeated Processing and Accelerated Ageing,” Polymer Degradation and Stability 81(2):359-366, 2003.
- Atlas of Polymer and Plastics Analysis, Vol. 3: Additives and Processing Aids, Carl Hanser Verlag, ISBN:30446-12592-2.
- R., Hugi and H, Geva., “Ultraviolet Protected Polyethersulfones,” Patent No. WO 2007083290 A2.
- Stretanski et al., “UV Stabilizing Additive Composition,” U.S. Patent 6, 843,939 B2.
- M., Hirose and K., Nakamura, “Finescale Diurnal Rainfall Statistics Refined from Eight Years of TRMM PR Data,” J. Geophys. Res. 110:D05106, 2005.
- R., Chokngamwong, “Thailand Daily Rainfall and Comparison with TRMM Products,” Journal of Hydrometeorology 9:256-266, 2008.
- IS-15223-Interiorfittings Automotive Vehicles - Interior Fittings - Specification.
- IS-11939-Steeringimpact Automotive Vehicles - Steering Control Systems - Impact Protection Requirements and Methods of Measurement.
- AIS:006 Automotive Vehicles - Bumper Fitment on M1 Category of Vehicles - Test Methods.
- AIS:012 Requirements of Light and Signaling Devices for Four Wheeled Vehicles.
- AIS:010 Requirements of Light and Signaling Devices for Two and Three Wheeled Vehicles.
- AIS:062 Requirements of Light and Signaling Devices for Tractors.
- ECE R 112 Uniform Provisions Concerning the Approval of Motor Vehicle Headlamps Emitting an Asymmetrical Passing Beam or a Driving Beam or Both and Equipped with Filament Lamps.
- ECE R 113 Uniform Provisions Concerning the Approval of Motor Vehicle Headlamps Emitting an Symmetrical Passing Beam or a Driving Beam or Both and Equipped with Filament Lamps
- ECE R 27 Uniform Provisions Concerning the Approval of Advance Warning Triangle.
- ECE R 104 Uniform Provisions Concerning the Approval of Retro-Reflective Markings for Heavy and Long Vehicles and Their Trailers.
- ISO 5740 - 1982: “Road Vehicles - Rear View Mirrors - Test for Determining Reflectance.”
- ISO 4892-1, 2, 3, 4 Plastics and Varnishes - Method of Exposure to Laboratory Light Sources - Part 1: General Guidance, Part 2: Xenon Arc Sources.
- ISO: 105 Textiles - Tests for Colorfastness - Part B02: Colorfastness to Weathering Xenon Arc.
- SAE J 1960 Accelerated Exposure of Automotive Exterior Materials Using a Controlled Irradiance Water-Cooled Xenon Arc Apparatus.
- SAE J 1545 Specifies the Procedures for Instrumental Color Difference Measurement of Colored Parts or Colored.
- ASTM G 26, “Standard Practice for Operating Light - Exposure Apparatus (Xenon Arc Type) with and without Water for Exposure of Nonmetallic Materials.”
- ASTM D 256, “Standard Test Methods for Determining the Izod Pendulum Impact Resistance of Plastics.”
- ASTM D 638, “Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics.”
- ASTM D 790, “Standard Test Methods for Impact Properties of Unreinforced and Reinforced Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materials.”
- ASTM D 2240, “Standard Test Method for Rubber Property-Durometer Hardness.”