Vehicle Side Safety Enhancement through Door Intrusion Barrier Analysis and Recuperation
Published January 9, 2019 by SAE International in United States
Downloadable datasets for this paper availableAnnotation of this paper is available
The automobile industry is making huge strides to improve vehicle and occupant safety. A lot of safety improvements and modifications have been made in the past decade. But the side impact is still overlooked as not much has been improved for side safety despite most of the accidents and collisions happen to the side of a vehicle. Door intrusion barriers are the primary protection feature along with A, B and C pillars. Crashworthiness mainly depends on the position, cross-section and material of the intrusion barrier. So, our work mainly focuses on finding the optimum position, choosing the correct cross-section and finding the right material for the intrusion barrier. The objective of this project is to minimize the damage to the side of the vehicle by increasing its crashworthiness thereby reducing passenger injuries. A model of a vehicle door has been designed in Solid Works and various cross sections of door intrusion barriers like circular, rectangular, H-section, I section, E and C section have been developed. The crash test has been conducted according to New Car Assessment Program (NCAP) norms and the best possible configuration with highest safety level has been found. The barrier developed successfully reduced deformation by 36.667% and was subjected to a much lesser stress which was 28% lower than the existing barriers.
CitationSiva Balan, A., Bragadeshwaran, A., Eswaramoorthy, G., Rajendran, A. et al., "Vehicle Side Safety Enhancement through Door Intrusion Barrier Analysis and Recuperation," SAE Technical Paper 2019-26-0001, 2019, https://doi.org/10.4271/2019-26-0001.
Data Sets - Support Documents
|[Unnamed Dataset 1]|
|[Unnamed Dataset 2]|
|[Unnamed Dataset 3]|
|[Unnamed Dataset 4]|
- Toney-Butler, T. and Gossman, W., “Motor Vehicle Collision,” 2017.
- Lacoste, M., “Lacoste and Marvin, Vehicular Passenger Restraint Systems,” U.S. Patent 5,628,548, 1997.
- Strasser, R.A., Case, R.B., and Ford Motor Co, “Air Bag Restraint System,” U.S. Patent 4,262,931, 1981.
- Witteman, W., “Adaptive Frontal Structure Design to Achieve Optimal Deceleration Pulses,” Mechanics of Materials/Vehicle Safety, Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, the Netherlands, Paper (05-0243), 2005.
- Williams, T.D., de Pennington, A., and Barton, D.C., “The Frontal Impact Response of a Spaceframe Chassis Sportscar,” Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering 214(8):865-873, 2000.
- Gu, L., Yang, R.J., Tho, C.H., Makowskit, M. et al. , “Optimisation and Robustness for Crashworthiness of Side Impact,” International Journal of Vehicle Design 26(4):348-360, 2001.
- Marklund, P.O. and Nilsson, L., “Optimization of a Car Body Component Subjected to Side Impact,” Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization 21(5):383-392, 2001.
- Youn, B.D., Choi, K.K., Yang, R.J., and Gu, L., “Reliability-Based Design Optimization for Crashworthiness of Vehicle Side Impact,” Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization 26(3-4):272-283, 2004.
- Huang, H., Li, C., and Zeng, Q., “Crash Protectiveness to Occupant Injury and Vehicle Damage: An Investigation on Major Car Brands,” Accident Analysis & Prevention 86:129-136, 2016.
- Deb, A. and Srinivas, K.C., “Development of a New Lumped-Parameter Model for Vehicle Side-Impact Safety Simulation,” Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering 222(10):1793-1811, 2008.
- Farmer, C.M., Braver, E.R., and Mitter, E.L., “Two-Vehicle Side Impact Crashes: The Relationship of Vehicle and Crash Characteristics to Injury Severity,” Accident Analysis & Prevention 29(3):399-406, 1997.
- Teng, T.L., Chang, K.C., and Nguyen, T.H., “Crashworthiness Evaluation of Side-Door Beam of Vehicle,” Technische Mechanik 28(3-4):268-278, 2008.
- Abdollah, M.F. and Hassan, R., “Preliminary Design of Side Door Impact Beam for Passenger Cars Using Aluminium Alloy,” Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology (JMET) 5(1), 2013.
- Cheon, S.S. and Jeong, K.S., “Composite Side-Door Impact Beams for Passenger Cars,” Composite Structures 38(1-4):229-239, 1997.
- Lim, T.S., “Mechanically Fastened Composite Side-Door Impact Beams for Passenger Cars Designed for Shear-Out Failure Modes,” Composite Structures 56(2):211-221, 2002.
- Hershman, L.L., “The US New Car Assessment Program (NCAP): Past, Present and Future,” International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, 2001.
- Mousseau, C.W., Laursen, T.A., Lidberg, M., and Taylor, R.L., “Vehicle Dynamics Simulations with Coupled Multibody and Finite Element Models,” Finite Elements in Analysis and Design 31(4):295-315, 1999.
- Yang, J.H., “Optimization of the Aluminum Door Impact Beam Considering the Side Door Strength and the Side Impact Capability,” Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial Cooperation Society 12(5):2025-2030, 2011.
- Friedrich, H. and Schumann, S., “Research for a “New Age of Magnesium” in the Automotive Industry,” Journal of Materials Processing Technology 117(3):276-281, 2001.
- Moiseyev, V.N., Titanium Alloys: Russian Aircraft and Aerospace Applications (CRC Press, 2005).
- Ku, H., Wang, H., Pattarachaiyakoop, N., and Trada, M., “A Review on the Tensile Properties of Natural Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites,” Composites Part B: Engineering 42(4):856-873, 2011.
- Wang, D., Dong, G., Zhang, J., and Huang, S., “Car Side Structure Crashworthiness in Pole and Moving Deformable Barrier Side Impacts,” Tsinghua Science & Technology 11(6):725-730, 2006.
- Stander, N. and Craig, K.J., “On the Robustness of a Simple Domain Reduction Scheme for Simulation-Based Optimization,” Engineering Computations 19(4):431-450, 2002.
- Yedukondalu, G., Srinath, A. and Kumar, J.S., “Crash Analysis of Car Cross Member Bumper Beam.”