This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Development of a Hybrid Power Unit for Formula SAE Application: ICE CFD-1D Optimization and Vehicle Lap Simulation
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published September 09, 2019 by SAE International in United States
This content contains downloadable datasetsAnnotation ability available
The paper reviews the CFD optimization of a motorcycle engine, modified for the development of a hybrid powertrain of a Formula SAE car. In a parallel paper, the choice of the donor engine (Ducati 959 Panigale: 2-cylinder, V90, 955 cc, peak power 150 HP at 10500 rpm, peak torque 102 Nm at 9000 rpm) is thoroughly discussed, along with all the hardware modifications oriented to minimize the new powertrain dimensions, weight and cost, and guarantee full reliability in racing conditions. In the current paper, the attention is focused on two main topics: 1) CFD-1D tuning of the modified Internal Combustion Engine (ICE), in order to comply with the Formula SAE regulations, as well as to maximize the power output; 2) simulation of the vehicle in racing conditions, comparison with a conventional combustion car and a full electric vehicle. The stock engine has been strongly modified, since the head of the vertical cylinder has been replaced by the electric motor, and the intake system of the other cylinder now includes a 20 mm restrictor. Despite these constraints, the tuned ICE is able to deliver more than 70 HP. Finally, the study shows that the hybrid car is not only more efficient (-26% of specific CO2), but also 1.48 s faster on each lap than the corresponding Combustion single seater.
CitationMattarelli, E., Rinaldini, C., Scrignoli, F., and Mangeruga, V., "Development of a Hybrid Power Unit for Formula SAE Application: ICE CFD-1D Optimization and Vehicle Lap Simulation," SAE Technical Paper 2019-24-0200, 2019, https://doi.org/10.4271/2019-24-0200.
Data Sets - Support Documents
|[Unnamed Dataset 1]|
|[Unnamed Dataset 2]|
|[Unnamed Dataset 3]|
- Imeche website , http://www.imeche.org/events/formula-student/team-information/rules.Document: fs-rules_2019-1.pdf, Downloaded on February 15, 2019.
- Liu, W. , Hybrid Electric Vehicle System Modeling and Control Second Edition (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2017).
- Hayes, J.G. and Goodarzi, G.A. , Electric Powertrain: Energy Systems, Power Electronics and Drives for Hybrid, Electric and Fuel Cell Vehicles (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2017).
- MI, C., Masrur, M.A., and Gao, D.W. , Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Principles and Applications with Practical Perspectives (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2017).
- Kassakian, J.G., Wolf, H.C., Miller, J.M., and Hurton, C.J. , “Automotive Electrical Systems circa 2005,” IEEE Spectrum 33(8):22-27, Aug. 1996.
- Kassakian, J.B., Miller, J.M., and Traub, N. , “Automotive Electronics Power Up,” IEEE Spectrum 37(5):34-39, May 2000.
- Emadi, A., Williamson, S.S., and Khaligh, A. , “Power Electronics Intensive Solutions for Advanced Electric, Hybrid Electric, and Fuel Cell Vehicular Power Systems,” IEEE Trans. on Power Elec. 21(3):567-577, May 2006.
- Giacopini, M., Mangeruga, V., and et al. “Development of a Hybrid Power Unit for Formula SAE Application: Packaging Optimization and Thermomechanical Design of the Electric Motor Case,” Paper submitted to “SAENA ICE19,” expected publication: September 2019.
- Johnson, V.H., Wipke, K.B., and Rausen, D.J. , “HEV Control Strategy for Real-Time Optimization of Fuel Economy and Emissions,” SAE Technical Paper 2000-01-1543 , 2000, doi:10.4271/2000-01-1543.
- Sciarretta, A., Back, M. and Guzzella, L. , “Optimal Control of Parallel Hybrid Electric Vehicles” IEEE Trans. on Contr. Syst. Technol., 12, 3, 352-363, May 2004.
- Koot, M., Kessels, J.T.B.A., de Jager, B., Heemels, W.P.M.H., van den Bosch, P.P.J. and Steinbuch, M. , “Energy Management Strategies for Vehicular Electric Power Systems”, IEEE Trans. on Vehicle Technol., 54, 3, 771-782, May 2005
- Sciarretta, A. and Guzzella, L. , “Control of Hybrid Electric Vehicles,” IEEE Control. Syst. Mag. 27(2):60-70, Apr. 2007.
- Arsie, I., Gambino, M., Pianese, C., and Rizzo, G. , “Development and Validation of Hierarchical Models for the Design of Engine Control Strategies,” Meccanica 32(5):397-408, 1997.
- Baumann, B.M., Washington G. , G., Glenn, B.C. and Rizzoni, G. , “Mechatronic Design and Control of Hybrid Electric Vehicles,” IEEE/ASME Trans. Mechatronics, 5, 1, 58-72, Mar. 2000.
- Arsie, I., Graziosi, M., Pianese, C., Rizzo, G. and Sorrentino, M. , “Optimization of Supervisory Control Strategy for Parallel Hybrid Vehicle with Provisional Load Estimate,” in Proc. of the 7th Int. Symp. on Advanced Vehicle Control (AVEC), Arnhem, The Netherlands, Aug. 2004.
- Kessels, J.T.B.A., Koot, M.W.T., Hendrix, W., Ellenbroek, R., Heemels, M., Pesgens, M., Steinbuch, M. and van den Bosch P. , “Vehicle Modeling for Energy Management Strategies,” in Proc. of the 7th Int. Symp. on Advanced Vehicle Control (AVEC), 2004, 465-470.
- Arsie, I., Pianese, C., Rizzo, G., Flora, R., and Serra, G. , “A Computer Code for S.I. Engine Control and Powertrain Simulation,” SAE Technical Paper 2000-01-0938 , 2000, doi:10.4271/2000-01-0938.
- Powell, B.K., Bailey, K.E., and Cikanek, S.R. , “Dynamic modeling and Control of Hybrid Vehicle Powertrain Systems,” IEEE Transactions on Control Systems 5:18, 1998, Oct. 1998.
- Mattarelli, E. and Rinaldini, C. , “Development of a High Performance Engine for a Formula SAE Racer,” SAE Technical Paper 2012-01-0833 , 2012, doi:10.4271/2012-01-0833.