This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Dynamic Thermal Behavior of a GDI Spray Impacting on a Heated Thin Foil by Phase-Averaged Infrared Thermography

Journal Article
ISSN: 2641-9637, e-ISSN: 2641-9645
Published September 09, 2019 by SAE International in United States
Dynamic Thermal Behavior of a GDI Spray Impacting on a Heated Thin Foil by Phase-Averaged Infrared Thermography
Citation: Contino, M., Allocca, L., Montanaro, A., Cardone, G. et al., "Dynamic Thermal Behavior of a GDI Spray Impacting on a Heated Thin Foil by Phase-Averaged Infrared Thermography," SAE Int. J. Adv. & Curr. Prac. in Mobility 2(2):512-519, 2020,
Language: English


  1. Kim, J. , “Spray Cooling Heat Transfer: The State of the Art,” International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow 28(4):753-767, 2007.
  2. Moreira, A. L. N., Moita, A. S., and Panao, M. R. , “Advances and Challenges in Explaining Fuel Spray Impingement: How Much of Single Droplet Impact Research is Useful?” Progress in Energy and Combustion Science 36(5):554-580, 2010.
  3. Hiroyasu, H. and Nishida, K. , “Fuel Spray Trajectory and Dispersion in a DI Diesel Combustion Chamber,” SAE Transactions 843-860, 1989.
  4. Montanaro, A., Allocca, L., Meccariello, G., and Lazzaro, M. , “Schlieren and Mie Scattering Imaging System to Evaluate Liquid and Vapor Contours of a Gasoline Spray Impacting on a Heated Wall,” SAE Technical Paper 2015-24-2473, 2015, doi:10.4271/2015-24-2473.
  5. Sato, K., Tadokoro, T., Yamakawa, M., Yokohata, H. et al. , “Spray and Evaporation Characteristics of Multi-Hole Injector for DISI Engines-Effect of Diverging Angle between Neighboring Holes,” SAE Technical Paper 2009-01-1500 , 2009, doi:10.4271/2009-01-1500.
  6. Higgins, B. S., Mueller, C. J., and Siebers, D. L. , “Measurements of Fuel Effects on Liquid-Phase Penetration in Dl Sprays,” SAE Transactions 630-643, 1999.
  7. Skeen, S. A., Manin, J., and Pickett, L. M. , “Simultaneous Formaldehyde PLIF and High-Speed Schlieren Imaging for Ignition Visualization in High-Pressure Spray Flames,” Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 35(3):3167-3174, 2015.
  8. Schmehl, R., Rosskamp, H., Willmann, M., and Wittig, S. , “CFD Analysis of Spray Propagation and Evaporation Including Wall Film Formation and Spray/Film Interactions,” International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow 20(5):520-529, 1999.
  9. Allocca, L., Alfuso, S., Marchitto, L., and Valentino, G. , “GDI Multi-Hole Injector: Particle Size and Velocity Distribution for Single and Jet-to-Jet Evolution Analysis,” in The 11th Triennial Intl. Annual Conf. on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems, 2009.
  10. Piazzullo, D., Costa, M., Allocca, L., Montanaro, A. et al. , “A 3D CFD Simulation of GDI Sprays Accounting for Heat Transfer Effects on Wallfilm Formation,” SAE International Journal of Engines 10(4):2166-2175, 2017.
  11. Schulz, F., Schmidt, J., and Beyrau, F. , “Development of a Sensitive Experimental Set-Up for LIF Fuel Wall Film Measurements in a Pressure Vessel,” Experiments in Fluids 56(5):98, 2015.
  12. Schulz, F., Samenfink, W., Schmidt, J., and Beyrau, F. , “Systematic LIF Fuel Wall Film Investigation,” Fuel 172:284-292, 2016.
  13. Cheng, Y. S., Deng, K., and Li, T. , “Measurement and Simulation of Wall-Wetted Fuel Film Thickness,” International Journal of Thermal Sciences 49(4):733-739, 2010.
  14. Han, Z., Xu, Z., and Trigui, N. , “Spray/Wall Interaction Models for Multidimensional Engine Simulation,” International Journal of Engine Research 1(1):127-146, 2000.
  15. Tartarini, P., Corticelli, M. A., and Tarozzi, L. , “Dropwise Cooling: Experimental Tests by Infrared Thermography and Numerical Simulations,” Applied Thermal Engineering 29(7):1391-1397, 2009.
  16. Akafuah, N. K., Salazar, A. J., and Saito, K. , “Infrared Thermography-Based Visualization of Droplet Transport in Liquid Sprays,” Infrared Physics and Technology 53(3):218-226, 2010.
  17. Schulz, F., Schmidt, J., Kufferath, A., and Samenfink, W. , “Gasoline Wall Films and Spray/Wall Interaction Analyzed by Infrared Thermography,” SAE International Journal of Engines 7(3):1165-1177, 2014.
  18. Carlomagno, G. M. and Cardone, G. , “Infrared Thermography for Convective Heat Transfer Measurements,” Experiments in Fluids 49(6):1187-1218, 2010.
  20. Manin, J., Jung, Y., Skeen, S., Pickett, L. et al. , “Experimental Characterization of DI Gasoline Injection Processes,” SAE Technical Paper 2015-01-1894 , 2015, doi:10.4271/2015-01-1894.
  21. Moulai, M., Grover, R., Parrish, S., and Schmidt, D. , “Internal and Near-Nozzle Flow in a Multi-Hole Gaso-line Injector Under Flashing and Non-Flashing Conditions,” SAE Technical Paper 2015-01-0944 , 2015, doi:10.4271/2015-01-0944.
  22. Astarita, T. and Carlomagno, G. , Infrared Thermography for Thermo-Fluidynamics (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 2013).
  23. Mills, A. A. and Sharrock, N. F. , “Rate of Evaporation of N-Alcohols from a Hot Surface: Nukiyama and Leidenfrost Temperatures,” European Journal of Physics 7(1):52, 1986.
  24. Jia, W. and Qiu, H. H. , “Experimental Investigation of Droplet Dynamics and Heat Transfer In Spray Cooling,” Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science 27(7):829-838, 2003.

Cited By