This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
A New Wind Tunnel Facility for Ice Crystal Icing Experiments
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published June 10, 2019 by SAE International in United States
This content contains downloadable datasetsAnnotation ability available
The design and characterization of a new ice crystal icing wind tunnel facility is introduced through this work. The arrangement proposed in this work involves water droplet freeze-out using liquid nitrogen evaporation followed by natural particle melting through dilution with warm air. The viability of the concept was first demonstrated theoretically using a conservation of energy analysis. Thermodynamic performance of the facility is dictated largely by the availability of the liquid nitrogen, and in order to establish a facility with modest operating costs, the proposed operation specified using a maximum of 20 liter of liquid nitrogen per run with a maximum duration of two minutes. The target operating conditions for the facility were: flow speed around 50 m/s, temperatures around 0 °C, and total water content up to 10 g/m3 with melting ratio up to 0.2. Experimental results have demonstrated a generally favorable agreement with the energy equation analysis, and with results from Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations. Experiments have demonstrate sufficient uniformity of flow speed and temperature for the facility to be regarded as a viable wind tunnel for ice crystal icing experimentation. Although the measured flow speed was around 28 m/s, this can be readily increased to achieve the target condition in future work.
CitationSaeed, R., Buttsworth, D., and Saleh, K., "A New Wind Tunnel Facility for Ice Crystal Icing Experiments," SAE Technical Paper 2019-01-1926, 2019, https://doi.org/10.4271/2019-01-1926.
Data Sets - Support Documents
|[Unnamed Dataset 1]|
- Mason, J., Strapp, W., and Chow, P. , “The Ice Particle Threat to Engines in Flight,” in 44th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, 2006.
- Gent, R., Dart, N., and Cansdale, J. , “Aircraft Icing,” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London A: Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences 358(1776):2873-2911, 2000.
- Paraschivoiu, I. and Saeed, F. , Aircraft Icing (John Wiley, 1984).
- Politovich, M.K. , “Predicting Glaze or Rime Ice Growth on Airfoils,” Journal of Aircraft 37(1):117-121, 2000.
- Currie, T., Struk, P., Tsao, J.-C., Fuleki, D. et al. , “Fundamental Study of Mixed-Phase Icing with Application to Ice Crystal Accretion in Aircraft Jet Engines,” in 4th AIAA Atmospheric and Space Environments Conference, 2012.
- Struk, P.M., Broeren, A.P., Tsao, J.-C., Vargas, M. et al. , “Fundamental Ice Crystal Accretion Physics Studies,” 2012.
- Mason, J.G., Chow, P., and Fuleki, D.M. , “Understanding Ice Crystal Accretion and Shedding Phenomenon in Jet Engines Using a Rig Test,” Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power 133(4):041201, 2011.
- Steen, L.E., Ide, R.F., Van Zante, J.F., and Acosta, W.J. , “NASA Glenn icing Research Tunnel: 2014 and 2015 Cloud Calibration Procedures and Results,” 2015.
- Al-Khalil, K., Salamon, L., and Tenison, G. , eds., “Development of the Cox Icing Research Facility,” in 36th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, 1998.
- Al-Khali, K. , “Assessment of Effects of Mixed-Phase Icing Conditions on Thermal Ice Protection Systems,” 2003.
- Knezevici, D., Fuleki, D., Currie, T., and MacLeod, J. , “Particle Size Effects on Ice Crystal Accretion,” in 4th AIAA Atmospheric and Space Environments Conference, 2012.
- Saleh, K. , “Initial Development of Ice Crystal Ice Accretion at Conditions Related to Turbofan Operation at High Altitude,” University of Southern Queensland, 2013.
- Saeed, R. , “New Wind Tunnel Facility for Icing Experiments on Models of Turbofan Compressor Surfaces,” University of Southern Queensland, 2019.
- Baumert, A., Bansmer, S.E., and Bacher, M. , eds., “Implementation of an Innovative Ice Crystal Generation System to the Icing Wind Tunnel Braunschweig,” in 53rd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting, 2015.
- Riley, J. , “Mixed-Phase Icing Conditions-a Survey of Simulation Capabilities,” in 37th Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, 1999.
- Davison, C., MacLeod, J., and Strapp, J. , “Naturally Aspirating Isokinetic Total Water Content Probe: Evaporator Design and Testing,” in 1st AIAA Atmospheric and Space Environments Conference, 2009.