Subband Adaptive Filtering Algorithms for Active Broadband Noise Control in Impulsive Vehicle Noise Environment
To be published on June 5, 2019 by SAE International in United States
Subband adaptive filtering (SAF) techniques have been increasingly used in active noise control (ANC), especially for acoustic broadband noise signal and system models with long impulse responses. In ANC, the closed-loop delayless SAF schemes improve the convergence rate of the widely adopted conventional filtered-x LMS (FxLMS) algorithm in a more computationally efficient manner under wideband noises like colored signals or even nonstationary signals. In most real-world environment like vehicle interior cabin, however, the performance of ANC can be degraded by various outliers, including non-Gaussian impulsive signal such as transient impact acoustic response for road noise. Although several robust objective error criteria as well as threshold based LMS-type adaptive filtering algorithms have been investigated for active impulsive noise control, the computational burden would be challenging for implementation and the requirement of a priori knowledge of noises cannot be fulfilled in many cases. In this paper, various state-of-the-art SAF algorithms with decorrelating property are studied in terms of the convergence property for broadband noise control in impulsive environment since the subband decomposition might alleviate the sudden change of adaptive systems by spreading energy to multiple channels. The SAF algorithms with low-order norm of error evaluation and variable step sizes are further evaluated via simulations for the input of symmetric α-stable (SαS) impulsive noise and colored noise in the impulsive environment, respectively. Results show that the delayless SAF algorithms appear more robust than the conventional LMS-type algorithms for impulsive noises. Moreover, the utilization of band-dependent variable step sizes for the delayless SAF algorithms significantly improves the convergence rate.