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Aerodynamic Sensitivity Analysis of Wheel Shape Factors

Published April 2, 2019 by SAE International in United States
Aerodynamic Sensitivity Analysis of Wheel Shape Factors
Sector:
Citation: Hirose, K., Kawamata, H., and Oshima, M., "Aerodynamic Sensitivity Analysis of Wheel Shape Factors," SAE Int. J. Adv. & Curr. Prac. in Mobility 1(3):1300-1310, 2019, https://doi.org/10.4271/2019-01-0667.
Language: English

Abstract:

Wheels play an important role in determining the aerodynamic drag of passenger vehicles. This is because the contribution of wheels to aerodynamic drag comes from not only the wheels themselves, but also from the interference effect between wheel wakes and the base wake. As far as the authors are aware, there have been no reports about aerodynamic drag sensitivity to wheel shape factors for different vehicle types and different exterior body shapes. The purpose of this study was to clarify CD sensitivity to wheel shape factors for a sedan and an SUV, including different rear fender shapes. Many different wheel configurations were investigated in terms of the CD, base pressure and flow fields in wind tunnel tests. Multiple regression analyses were conducted to clarify CD sensitivity to each wheel shape factor based on the test data. This study revealed high CD sensitivity factors for both the sedan and SUV. The findings show that wheel shape factors and related CD sensitivities provide design guidelines for reducing aerodynamic drag.