This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Investigation of a Naturally Aspirated Diesel Engine Fueled with Blends of Thevetia Peruviana Seed Oil under 8-Mode Testing Cycle
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published July 09, 2018 by SAE International in United States
This content contains downloadable datasetsAnnotation ability available
Event: International Conference on Advances in Design, Materials, Manufacturing and Surface Engineering for Mobility
In the present work, bio-diesel produced from Thevatia Peruviana seed oil which is commonly called as Yellow oleander is blended with diesel to investigate the performance and emission characteristics of a naturally aspirated diesel engine. The testing is carried out under 8-mode testing cycle used for off-road vehicles. The extracted bio-oil is subjected to gas chromatography-mass spectrometer to obtain its fatty acid profile. It is then converted into bio-diesel by transesterification process. The properties of bio-diesel produced are conforming to EN14214 standards except for a slightly lower density. Two blends of B10, B15 with diesel are used for experiments. The reduction in power and torque is observed to be proportional to increasing blend ratio. Results show that there is a reduction of 15.71% of CO and 32.30% reduction in HC for B15 blend compared to base line diesel. However, CO2 and NOX emissions are found to be increased for blends as compared to baseline engine.
CitationSreenivas, R., Senthilkumar, S., Jerome, M., and R PhD, C., "Investigation of a Naturally Aspirated Diesel Engine Fueled with Blends of Thevetia Peruviana Seed Oil under 8-Mode Testing Cycle," SAE Technical Paper 2018-28-0006, 2018, https://doi.org/10.4271/2018-28-0006.
Data Sets - Support Documents
|[Unnamed Dataset 1]|
|[Unnamed Dataset 2]|
|[Unnamed Dataset 3]|
|[Unnamed Dataset 4]|
- Sahoo, P.K., Das, L.M., and Babu, M.K.G., “Bio-Diesel Development from High Acid Value Polanga Seed Oil and Performance Evaluation in a CI Engine,” Fuel 86:448-454, 2007.
- Senthil, R., Sivakumar, E., Silambarasan, R., and Pranesh, G., “Performance and Emission Characteristics of Using Sea Lemon Biodiesel with Thermal Barrier Coating in a Direct-Injection Diesel Engine,” Biofuels, 2016, doi:10.1080/17597269.2016.1221299.
- Prabhahar, P.M. and Rajan, K., “Performance and Combustion Characteristics of a Diesel Engine with Titanium Oxide Coated Piston Using Pongamia Methyl Ester,” J Mech Sci Tech. 27(5):1519-1526, 2013.
- Kibuge, R.M., Kariuki, S.T., and Njue, M.R., “Influence of Fuel Properties on the Burning Characteristics of Sour Plum (Ximenia americana L.) Seed Oil Compared with Jatropha curcas L. Seed Oil,” Renewable Energy 78:128-131, 2015.
- Rakopoulos, D.C., “Heat Release Analysis of Combustion in Heavy-Duty Turbocharged Diesel Engine Operating on Blends of Diesel Fuel with Cottonseed or Sunflower Oils and Their Bio-Diesel,” Fuel 96(5):24-34, 2012.
- Mohamed Musthafa, M., Sivapirakasam, S.P., and Udayakumar, M., “Comparative Studies on Fly Ash Coated Low Heat Rejection Diesel Engine on Performance and Emission Characteristics Fueled by Rice Bran and Pongamia Methyl Ester and Their Blend with Diesel,” Energy 36:2343-2351, 2011.
- Senthil, R., Sivakumar, E., Silambarasan, R., and Mohan, G., “Performance and Emission Characteristics of a Low Heat Rejection Engine Using Nerium Biodiesel and Its Blends,” International Journal of Ambient Energy, 2015, doi:10.1080/01430750.2015.1076517.
- Wang, Y.D., Al-Shemmeri, T., Eames, P., Mcmullan, J. et al., “An Experimental Investigation of the Performance and Gaseous Exhaust Emissions of a Diesel Engine Using Blends of a Vegetable Oil,” Applied Thermal Engineering. 26:1684-1691, 2006.
- Agarwal, D., Kumar, L., and Agarwal, A.K., “Performance Evaluation of a Vegetable Oil Fuelled Compression Ignition Engine,” Renewable Energy 33:1147-1156, 2008.
- Savariraj, S., Ganapathy, T., and Saravanan, C.G., “Performance and Emission Characteristics of Diesel Engine Using High-Viscous Vegetable Oil,” International Journal of Ambient Energy. 33(4):193-203, 2012.
- Karabektas, M. and Hosoz, M., “Performance and Emission Characteristics of a Diesel Engine Using Isobutanol- Diesel Fuel Blends,” Renewable Energy 34:1554-1559, 2009.
- Sivalakshmi, S. and Balusamy, T., “Performance and Emission Characteristics of a Diesel Engine Fuelled by Neem Oil Blended with Alcohols,” International Journal of Ambient Energy. 32(4):170-178, 2011.
- Sayin, C., “Engine Performance and Exhaust Gas Emissions of Methanol and Ethanol-Diesel Blends,” Fuel 89:3410-3415, 2010.
- Altun, S., Bulut, H., and Ner, C.O., “The Comparison of Engine Performance and Exhaust Emission Characteristics of Sesame Oil-Diesel Fuel Mixture with Diesel Fuel in a Direct Injection Diesel Engine,” Renewable Energy 33:1791-1795, 2008.
- Chen, H., Shuai, S.J., and Wang, J.X., “Study on Combustion Characteristics and PM Emission of Diesel Engines Using Ester-Ethanol-Diesel Blended Fuels,” Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 31:2981-2989, 2007, 2007.
- Raheman, H. and Phadatare, A.G., “Diesel Engine Emissions and Performance from Blends of Karanj Methyl Ester and Diesel,” Biomass and Bioenergy 27:393-397, 2004.
- Raheman, H. and Ghadge, S.V., “Performance of Compression Ignition Engine with Mahua (Madhuca indica) Biodiesel,” Fuel 86:2568-2573, 2007.
- Bora, D.K., Polly, M., Sanduja, V., and Das, L.M., “Performance Evaluation and Emission Characteristics of a Diesel Engine Using Mahua Oil Methyl Ester (MOME),” SAE Technical Paper 2004-28-0034, 2004, doi:10.4271/2004-28-0034.
- Suryawanshi, J.G. and Deshpande, N.V., “Experimental Investigation on Pongamia Oil Methyl Ester Fuelled Diesel Engine,” SAE Technical Paper 2004-28-0018, 2004, doi:10.4271/2004-28-0018.
- Jesu, L., Martin, M., Prithiviraj, D., and Veleppan, K.C., “Performance and Emission Characteristics of a CI Engine Fueled with Esterified Cottonseed Oil,” SAE Technical Paper 2005-26-355, 2005, doi:10.4271/2005-26-355.
- Palash, S.M., Masjuki, H.H., Kalam, M.A., Masum, B.M. et al., “Impacts of NOx Reducing Antioxidant Additive on Performance and Emissions of a Multi-Cylinder Diesel Engine Fuelled with Jatropha Biodiesel Blends,” Energy Conversion and Management 76:400-420, 2013.
- Ozsezen, A.N. and Canakci, M., “The Emission Analysis of an IDI Diesel Engine Fuelled with Methyl Ester of Waste Frying Palm Oil and Its Blends,” Biomass and Bioenergy 34:1870-1878, 2010.
- Senthilkumar, S., Sivakumar, G., and Manoharan, S., “Investigation of Palm Methyl-Ester Bio-Diesel with Additive on Performance and Emission Characteristics of a Diesel Engine under 8-Mode Resting Cycle,” Alexandria Engineering Journal 54(3):423-428, 2015.
- Ileri, E. and Koçar, G., “Effects of Antioxidant Additives on Engine Performance and Exhaust Emissions of a Diesel Engine Fueled with Canola Oil Methyl Ester-Diesel Blend,” Energy Convers Managt 76:145-154, 2013.
- Balaji, M.P., Sanjay, A.D., and Munish, R.S., “Biodiesel from Thevetia peruviana Seed Oil with Dimethyl Carbonate Using as an Active Catalyst Potassium-Methoxide,” Sains Malaysiana 45:10:1461-1468, 2016.
- Adebowalel, K.O., Adewuyi, A., and Ajulo, K.D., “Examination of Fuel Properties of the Methyl Esters of Thevetia peruviana Seed Oil,” International Journal of Green Energy 9:297-307, 2012.
- Deka, D.C. and Basumatary, S., “High Quality Biodiesel from Yellow Oleander (Thevetia peruviana) Seed Oil,” Biomass Energy 35:1797-1803, 2011.
- Balusamy, T. and Marappan, R., “Performance Evaluation of Direct Injection Diesel Engines with Blends of Thevetia peruviana Seed Oil and Diesel,” Journal of Scientific & Industrial Research. 66:1035-1040, 2007.
- Kandasamy Kannan, T. and Gounder, M.R., “Thevetia peruviana Biodiesel Emulsion Used as a Fuel in a Single Cylinder Diesel Engine Reduces NOx and Smoke,” Thermal Science 15(4):1185-1191, 2011.
- Senthil, R., Sivakumar, E., Silambarasan, R., and Pranesh, G., “Performance and Emission Characteristics of Using Sea Lemon Biodiesel with Thermal Barrier Coating in a Direct-Injection Diesel Engine,” Biofuels, 2016.