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The Dynamics of Methane and NOx Removal by a Three-Way Catalyst: A Transient Response Study

Published April 3, 2018 by SAE International in United States
The Dynamics of Methane and NO<sub>x</sub> Removal by a Three-Way Catalyst: A Transient Response Study
Sector:
Citation: Xi, Y., Ottinger, N., and Liu, Z., "The Dynamics of Methane and NOx Removal by a Three-Way Catalyst: A Transient Response Study," SAE Int. J. Engines 11(6):1331-1341, 2018, https://doi.org/10.4271/2018-01-1270.
Language: English

Abstract:

Natural gas-powered engines are widely used due to their low fuel cost and in general their lower emissions than conventional diesel engines. In order to comply with emissions regulations, an aftertreatment system is utilized to treat exhaust from natural gas engines. Stoichiometric burn natural gas engines use three-way catalyst (TWC) technology to simultaneously remove NOx, CO, and hydrocarbon (HC). Removal of methane, one of the major HC emissions from natural gas engines, is difficult due to its high stability, posing a challenge for existing TWC technologies. In this work, degreened (DG), standard bench cycle (SBC)-aged TWC catalysts and a DG Pd-based oxidation catalyst (OC) were evaluated and compared under a variety of lean/rich gas cycling conditions, simulating stoichiometric natural gas engine emissions. Transient response techniques were applied to reveal the effect of the oxygen storage component on the performance of DG TWC as well as upon SBC aging in comparison to DG OC. It is illustrated that the oxygen storage component of TWC can extend the rich phase’s high conversion efficiency of both CH4 and NOx into lean phase for a few seconds during lean/rich cycling. Therefore, TWC displays high CH4 and NOx conversion with a wide λ (air-fuel equivalence ratio) operating window. These results are expected to provide general guidance for optimization of stoichiometric burn natural gas engines and their aftertreatment systems.