This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Investigation on the Effects of Medium and High Voltage Power Cables in Direct Contact with Vehicles and Passengers
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published November 7, 2017 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
In Brazil there is a significant number of medium and high voltage power cables falling on vehicles causing catastrophic accidents leading to serious injuries and deceases. It is advised that the car works as a shield so passengers inside the vehicle should not open doors and windows, but to the knowledge of the authors no work has presented a quantified study showing details like electromagnetic field intensity and 3D plots to really illustrate this situation. This work uses numerical simulation to replicate a scenario of a high power cable in direct contact with a vehicle and numerous positions of human body models inside and outside of the vehicle. Electromagnetic field is calculated showing the shielding effectiveness of the vehicle chassis. Also, current density are calculated to show the path of the current including the human body models. Safety guidelines are presented based on electromagnetic field strength and several scenarios are simulated and quantified.
CitationMologni, J., Ribas, J., and Siqueira, C., "Investigation on the Effects of Medium and High Voltage Power Cables in Direct Contact with Vehicles and Passengers," SAE Technical Paper 2017-36-0309, 2017, https://doi.org/10.4271/2017-36-0309.
- Dalziel CF. “Effects of electrical shock on man,” IRE Trans Med Electron. 1956:44-62. PGME-5.
- Dalziel Charles F, Lee W R. “Reevaluation of lethal electric currents,” IEEE Trans Indus Gen Appl. 1968;IGA-4(5):467-476. D.O.I.10.1109/TIGA.1968.4180929.
- Grimnes S. “Dielectric breakdown of human skin in vivo,” Med Biol Eng Comp. 1983;21:379-81.
- The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. “Worker deaths by electrocution,” NIOSH Publication No. 98-131. 2009 Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/98-131/pdfs/98-131.pdf. Accessed December 26th, 2016.
- G1. “Cabo de energia cai em cima de carro e mata quatro pessoas no RJ,” available at http://g1.globo.com/jornal-hoje/noticia/2016/01/cabo-de-energia-cai-em-cima-de-carro-e-mata-quatro-pessoas-no-rj.html. Accessed December 26th, 2016.
- R7. “Cabo de energia cai em cima de carro e mata quatro pessoas no RJ,” available at http://noticias.r7.com/sp-no-ar/videos/cabo-de-alta-tensao-cai-sobre-carro-provoca-incendio-e-matamotorista-26102015. Accessed December 26th, 2016.
- Scharfetter H., Brunner P., Mayer M., Brandstatter B. and Hinghofer-Szalkay H. “Fat and hydration monitoring by abdominal bioimpedance analysis: data interpretation by hierarchical electrical modeling” IEEE Trans on Biom Eng, vol. 52, Issue 6, June 2005. DOI: 10.1109/TBME.2005.846733
- Jossinet J., Schmitt M., "A review of parameters for the bioelectrical characterization of breast tissue", Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci., vol. 873, pp. 30-41, Apr. 1999.
- Lowke J.J., "Characteristics of Radiation-Dominated Electric Arcs", Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 2588-600, May 1970.