This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Performance and Emission Characteristics of Isobutanol-Diesel Blend in Water Cooled CI Engine Employing EGR with EGR Intercooler
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published September 8, 2013 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
The increasing rate of fossil fuel depletion and large scale debasement of the environment has been a serious concern across the globe. This twin problem of energy crises has caused researchers to look for a variety of solutions in the field of internal combustion engines. In this current scenario the issue of fuel availability has increased the use alternative fuels, especially alcohol derived fuels. Alcohol-diesel blends can be been seen as a prominent fuel for CI engine in the near future. Previous research on the use of alcohol as an alternative fuel in CI engines is restricted to short branch alcohols, such as methanol and ethanol. Despite their comparable combustion properties longer chain alcohols, such as butanol, isobutanol and pentanol have been barely investigated. In the present study performance and emission characteristics of an isobutanol-diesel blend was studied. One of the major problems encountered by isobutanol in CI engines is its low cetane rating. The blending of isobutanol in diesel helps in overcoming this problem. This fuel shows several advantages, such as reduced CO, NOx and PM emissions, low corrosive nature and low solubility in water. In the present study the test fuel used was 10% isobutanol by volume in diesel fuel. The test engine used for the present study was a single cylinder 4-stoke CI engine with exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) using EGR intercooler. Among various NOx reduction strategies, viz. selective catalytic reduction (SCR), fuel additives, retarded injection and exhaust gas recirculation (EGR), EGR was chosen in the present experimentation. Study was also done to study the effect of using an EGR intercooler on performance and emission of the engine. Seven parameters, viz. Brake thermal efficiency (BTE), brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC), Exhaust gas temperature, Unburned Hydrocarbon emission (UHC), Carbon monoxide Emission (CO), Oxides of nitrogen emission (NOx) and Smoke opacity were determined at all the operating conditions. IB10 was found to have a higher BTE compared to diesel. Also NOx and CO emissions were low, but higher UHC emissions were recorded. Using EGR with an intercooler was more effective in reducing NOx compared with EGR without an intercooler. However, employing an intercooler reduced BTE and increased other emissions.
CitationPal, A., V, M., Gupta, S., and Kumar, N., "Performance and Emission Characteristics of Isobutanol-Diesel Blend in Water Cooled CI Engine Employing EGR with EGR Intercooler," SAE Technical Paper 2013-24-0151, 2013, https://doi.org/10.4271/2013-24-0151.
- Kinoshita, E., Ueda, Y., and Takata, S., “Combustion Characteristics of a DI Diesel Engine with Palm Oil Butyl and Isobutyl Esters,” SAE Technical Paper 2011-01-1937, 2011, doi:10.4271/2011-01-1937.
- Lin Sheng-Lun, Lee Wen-Jhy, Lee Chia-fon F., Wu Yo-ping, Reduction in emissions of nitrogen oxides, particulate matter, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon by adding water-containing butanol into a diesel-fueled engine generator, Fuel, Volume 93, March 2012, Pages 364-372, ISSN 0016-2361, 10.1016/j.fuel.2011.11.042.
- Lujaji Frank, Kristóf Lukács, Bereczky Akos, Mbarawa Makame, Experimental investigation of fuel properties, engine performance, combustion and emissions of blends containing croton oil, butanol, and diesel on a CI engine, Fuel, Volume 90, Issue 2, February 2011, Pages 505-510, ISSN 0016-2361, 10.1016/j.fuel.2010.10.004.
- Zoldy, M., Hollo, A., and Thernesz, A., “Butanol as a Diesel Extender Option for Internal Combustion Engines,” SAE Technical Paper 2010-01-0481, 2010, doi:10.4271/2010-01-0481.
- Wagner, T., Gray, D., Zarah, B., and Kozinski, A., “Practicality of Alcohols as Motor Fuel,” SAE Technical Paper 790429, 1979, doi:10.4271/790429.
- Adelman, H., “Alcohols in Diesel Engines-A Review,” SAE Technical Paper 790956, 1979, doi:10.4271/790956.
- Popa, M., Negurescu, N., Pana, C., and Racovitza, A., “Results Obtained by Methanol Fuelling Diesel Engine,” SAE Technical Paper 2001-01-3748, 2001, doi:10.4271/2001-01-3748.
- Udayakumar, R., Sundaram, S., and Sivakumar, K., “Engine Performance and Exhaust Characteristics of Dual Fuel Operation in DI Diesel Engine with Methanol,” SAE Technical Paper 2004-01-0096, 2004, doi:10.4271/2004-01-0096.
- Zhang Z.H., Tsang K.S., Cheung C.S., Chan T.L., Yao C.D.. “Effect of fumigation methanol and ethanol on the gaseous and particulate emissions of a direct-injection diesel engine”, Atmospheric Environment, Volume 45, Issue 11, April 2011, Pages 2001-2008.
- Lapuerta M, Armas O, GarcÍa-Contreras R. Stability of diesel-bioethanol blends for use in diesel engines. Fuel 2007;86:1351-s57.
- Lei Jilin, Shen Lizhong, Bi Yuhua, Chen Hong. A novel emulsifier for ethanol-diesel blends and its effect on performance and emissions of diesel engine. Fuel, Volume 93, March 2012, Pages 305-311.
- Campos-Fernández Javier, Arnal Juan M., Gómez Jose, Dorado M. Pilar, A comparison of performance of higher alcohols/diesel fuel blends in a diesel engine, Applied Energy, Volume 95, July 2012, Pages 267-275, ISSN 0306-2619, 10.1016/j.apenergy.2012.02.051.
- Yilmaz Nadir, Comparative analysis of biodiesel-ethanol-diesel and biodiesel-methanol-diesel blends in a diesel engine, Energy, Volume 40, Issue 1, April 2012, Pages 210-213, ISSN 0360-5442, 10.1016/j.energy.2012.01.079.
- Sayin Cenk, Engine performance and exhaust gas emissions of methanol and ethanol-diesel blends, Fuel, Volume 89, Issue 11, November 2010, Pages 3410-3415, ISSN 0016-2361, 10.1016/j.fuel.2010.02.017.
- Zhu Lei, Cheung C.S., Zhang W.G., Huang Zhen, Effect of charge dilution on gaseous and particulate emissions from a diesel engine fueled with biodiesel and biodiesel blended with methanol and ethanol, Applied Thermal Engineering, Volume 31, Issues 14-15, October 2011, Pages 2271-2278, ISSN 1359-4311, 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2011.03.023.
- Sayin Cenk. Engine performance and exhaust gas emissions of methanol and ethanol-diesel blends. Fuel 89 (2010) 3410-3415.
- Ajav EA, Singh B, Bhattacharya TK. Experimental study of some performance parameters of a constant speed stationary diesel engine using ethanol-diesel blends as fuel. Biomass and Bioenergy 1999;17:357-65.
- Black G., Curran H.J., Pichon S., Simmie J.M., Zhukov V., Bio-butanol: Combustion properties and detailed chemical kinetic model, Combustion and Flame, Volume 157, Issue 2, February 2010, Pages 363-373, ISSN 0010-2180, 10.1016/j.combustflame.2009.07.007
- Stoeberl Manuela, Werkmeister Ralf, Faulstich Martin, Russ Winfried, Biobutanol from food wastes - fermentative production, use as biofuel an the influence on the emissions, Procedia Food Science, Volume 1, 2011, Pages 1867-1874, ISSN 2211-601X, 10.1016/j.profoo.2011.09.274.
- Cheng Chieh-Lun, Che Pei-Yi, Chen Bor-Yann, Lee Wen-Jhy, Lin Chiu-Yue, Chang Jo-Shu, Biobutanol production from agricultural waste by an acclimated mixed bacterial microflora, Applied Energy, Volume 100, December 2012, Pages 3-9, ISSN 0306-2619, 10.1016/j.apenergy.2012.05.042.
- Pfromm Peter H., Amanor-Boadu Vincent, Nelson Richard, Vadlani Praveen, Madl Ronald, Bio-butanol vs. bio-ethanol: A technical and economic assessment for corn and switchgrass fermented by yeast or Clostridium acetobutylicum, Biomass and Bioenergy, Volume 34, Issue 4, April 2010, Pages 515-524, ISSN 0961-9534, 10.1016/j.biombioe.2009.12.017.
- Kumar Satish, Cho Jae Hyun, Park Jaedeuk, Moon Il, Advances in diesel-alcohol blends and their effects on the performance and emissions of diesel engines, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Volume 22, June 2013, Pages 46-72, ISSN 1364-0321, 10.1016/j.rser.2013.01.017.
- Karabektas Murat, Hosoz Murat. Performance and emission characteristics of a diesel engine using isobutanol-diesel fuel blends. Renewable Energy 34 (2009) 1554-1559.
- Zheng M, Reader GT, Hawley JG. Diesel engines exhaust gas recirculation-a review on advanced and novel concepts. Energy Convers Manage 2004;45:883-900.
- Agarwal Deepak, Sinha Shailendra, Agarwal Avinash Kumar “Experimental investigation of control of NOx emissions in biodiesel-fueled compression ignition engine” Renewable Energy 31 (2006) 2356-2369.
- MERCK. Product specification. Germany; 2006.
- Venkanna BK, Reddy CV, Wadawadagi SB. Performance, emission and combustion characteristics of direct injection diesel engine running on rice bran oil/diesel fuel blend. Int J ChemBiomolEng 2009;2:131-7.
- Mueller, C., Boehman, A., and Martin, G., “An Experimental Investigation of the Origin of Increased NOx Emissions When Fueling a Heavy- Duty Compression-Ignition Engine with Soy Biodiesel,” SAE Int. J. Fuels Lubr. 2(1):789-816, 2009, doi:10.4271/2009-01-1792.
- Ecklund, E., Bechtold, R., Timbario, T., and McCallum, P., “State-of-the-Art Report on the Use of Alcohols in Diesel Engines,” SAE Technical Paper 840118, 1984, doi:10.4271/840118.
- Abu-Hamdeh Nidal H. “Effect of cooling the recirculated exhaust gaseson diesel engine emissions” Energy Conversion and Management 44 (2003) 3113-3124.
- Karabektas Murat, Hosoz Murat, Performance and emission characteristics of a diesel engine using isobutanol-diesel fuel blends, Renewable Energy, Volume 34, Issue 6, June 2009, Pages 1554-1559, ISSN 0960-1481, 10.1016/j.renene.2008.11.003.