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Pedestrian Kinematic Behavior and Road Surface Causing Injuries after Vehicle-Pedestrian Impact
Published October 03, 2012 by Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan in Japan
Pedestrian thrown kinematic behavior to the road surface in a vehicle-pedestrian collision was analyzed by using MADYMO. In a bonnet-type car collision, the pedestrian is thrown with rotation whereas in one-box vehicle the pedestrian is projected forward. In general, the head-road contact velocity increases with vehicle collision velocity. However, for the bonnet-type car, because of the rotation of pedestrian during the fall on the road, there is an oscillation of head contact velocity on the road surface. This cycle was reproduced by a simple rigid body model of pedestrian that is thrown from the vehicle and fall on the road surface.