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Occupant Injury Prediction Based on Frontal Collision Accident Simulations Using a Human Model~Consideration of Age and Gender
Published October 12, 2011 by Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan in Japan
Prediction of injured body regions and injury severity from available accident data can lead to more appropriate and hastier emergency care for accident victims. In the previous study, injury prediction equation was developed through a method utilizing accident database of numerous computer simulation results and the consideration of age and gender for thorax injury remained as an issue. The purpose of this study was to consider the effect of age and gender to injury prediction equation using odds ratios obtained in a statistical analysis of real-world accident database. The analysis found that only age had a significant effect on thorax injuries. Validation with real-world accident data showed that the equation with consideration of age improved underestimations for elderly drivers and required improvement of the computer simulation's vehicle model for higher accuracy.