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Characterization of Commercial Vehicle Crashes and Driver Injury
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published September 13, 2011 by SAE International in United States
This content contains downloadable datasetsAnnotation ability available
About 360,000 commercial trucks are involved in traffic accidents in the United States per year. Approximately 20,000 truck drivers are injured in those crashes. This study examines traffic crashes of the commercial truck fleet for model years 2000 to 2008 contained in the Trucks Involved in Fatal Accidents (TIFA) and General Estimates System (GES) databases. Specifically, driver injuries, using the KABCO scale (injury severity), were analyzed to determine the association with crash type as well as with the truck configuration. A crash typology was developed to identify crash types, including the type of other vehicle or object struck as well as the impact point on the truck, associated with the most serious injuries. This research focuses on the frequency of commercial vehicle accidents and driver injury levels rather than the cause of the vehicle crash. Based on these findings, example cases from LTCCS were selected. These examples typify the most frequent crashes and injuries.
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CitationKlena II, T., Blower PhD, D., Fischer P.E., K., and Woodrooffe, J., "Characterization of Commercial Vehicle Crashes and Driver Injury," SAE Technical Paper 2011-01-2294, 2011, https://doi.org/10.4271/2011-01-2294.
Data Sets - Support Documents
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- 2007 Trucks Involved in Fatal Accidents Codebook) Jarossi, Linda Hershberger, D. Matteson, A. Pettis, L. Woodrooffe, J. UMTRI Ann Arbor, MI 2009
- National Automotive Sampling System (NASS) General Estimates System (GES) Analytical User's Manual, 1988-2007 National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, US DOT, National Center for Statistics and Analysis Washington, DC
- ANSI D16.1-2007 Manual on Classification of Motor Vehicle Traffic Accidents 7 National Safety Council Itasca, Illinois 2007
- Large Truck Crash Causation Study Analytical User's Manual FMCSA, NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation June 2006
- Lives Saved in 2008 by Restraint Use And Minimum Drinking Age laws - Traffic Safety Facts NHTSA May 2010
- Seat Belt Usage by Commercial Motor Vehicle Drivers (SBUCMVD) 2008 Survey, Final Report Westat, Rockville, MD 2008
- Seat Belt Usage by Commercial Motor Vehicle Drivers (SBUCMVD) 2009 Survey Westat, Rockville, MD 2009