This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Application of Human Factors and Cognitive Neuroscience Principles in the Design of Vehicle Information Displays
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published September 13, 2011 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
The present paper provides a general review of trends in vehicle information display designs, specifically “dashboards,” noting that the purpose of those dashboard displays is to provide information that allows for safe and lawful operation of those vehicles. The author describes how these trends appear to have been driven by a combination of historical precedents including vehicle interior design, available vehicle display technology, and, later, by development of vehicle data busses.
The paper describes human factors and cognitive neuroscience issues that affect an operator's ability to read gauges in a dashboard display. The paper reports the results of the author's 2008 research where 71 of 101 survey respondents indicated that they find it hard to read their recreational vehicle gauges. It describes participants' significantly positive responses to the author's dashboard display prototype developed using human factors and cognitive neuroscience principles.
The final section of the paper identifies how human factors and cognitive neuroscience principles provide for vehicle information display designs that are more easily perceived and understood by vehicle operators. This section also relates how these principles provide guidance for display of data bus information and incorporation of other display devices in an operator environment. It is noted that such design considerations have the potential to provide for safer, more efficient, and more comfortable vehicle operation, and can positively influence vehicle purchase decisions.
|Journal Article||Legibility: Back to the Basics|
|Technical Paper||New Automotive Applications for Liquid Crystal Displays|
|Ground Vehicle Standard||Development of Design and Engineering Recommendations for In-Vehicle Alphanumeric Messages|
CitationHavins, Ph.D., W., "Application of Human Factors and Cognitive Neuroscience Principles in the Design of Vehicle Information Displays," SAE Technical Paper 2011-01-2256, 2011, https://doi.org/10.4271/2011-01-2256.
- Holland, D. “The Dashboard - An Appreciation,” Architectural Digest 167 173 238 Jan. 2004
- Kalogeridis, C. “From Dials to Digits,” Automotive Industries 40 41 Dec. 2004
- Shi, W. Lockhart, T., E. Arbab, M. “Tinted windshield and its effects on aging drivers' visual acuity and glare response,” NIH Public Access 46 8 1223 1233 2008
- Lovie-Kitchin, J. E. Brown, B. “Repeatability and Intercorrelations of Standard Vision Tests as a Function of Age,” Optometry and Vision Science 77 8 412 420 2000
- Hofer, S. M. Berg, S. Era, P. “Evaluating the Interdependence of Aging-Related Changes in Visual and Auditory Acuity, Balance, and Cognitive Functioning,” Psychology and Aging 18 2 285 305 2003
- FAA Human Factors “Character and Symbol Size,” http://www.hf.faa.gov/Webtraining/VisualDisplays/text/size1a.htm Mar. 2011
- Rao, R. P. N. Zelinsky, G. J. Hayhoe, M. M. Ballard, D. H. “Eye movements in iconic visual seach,” Vision Res. 42 11 1447 1463 2002
- Rayner, K. “Eye Movements in Reading and Information Processing: 20 Years of Research,” Psychological Bulletin 124 3 372 422 1998
- Zelinsky, G.J. “Using Eye Saccades to Assess the Selectivity of Search Movements,” Vision Research 36 14 2177 2187 1996
- Ball, K. Smith, D. Ellison, A. Schenk, T. “A body-centred frame of reference drives spatial priming in visual search,” Exp Brain Res 204 585 594 2010 10.1007/s00221-010-2327-y
- Nelson, R. A. Palmer, S. E. “Familiar shapes attract attention in figure-ground displays,” Perception & Psychophysics 69 3 382 392 2007
- Kimchi, R. Peterson, M. A. “Figure-Ground Segmentation Can Occur Without Attention,” Psychological Science 19 7 660 668 2008
- Huang, L. Pashler, H. “Reversing the Attention Effect in Figure-Ground Perception,” Psychological Science 20 10 1199 1201 2009
- Grahamm, K. Tollner, T. Muller, H. J. “Dimension-based attention modulates early visual processing,” Psychophysiology 47 968 978 2010
- Anderson, G. M. Heinke, D. Humphreys, G. W. “Featural Guidance in Conjunction Search: The Contrast Between Orientation and Color,” Journal of Experimental Psychology 36 5 1108 1127 2010
- Payne, D. G. Lang, V. A. “Mixed versus Pure Display Format in Integration and Nonintegration Visual Display Monitoring Tasks,” Human Factors 37 3 507 527 1995
- Gunter, T. C. Wijers, A. A. Jackson, J. L. Mulder, G. “Visual spatial attention to stimuli presented on the vertical and horizontal meridian: An ERP study,” Psychophysiology 31 140 153 1994
- Havins, W. H. “Informational Display For Rapid Operator Perception,” U.S. Patent 7 872 570 January 18 2011
- Begley, S. “I Can't Think!,” Newsweek 28 33 Mar. 7 2011