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Analysis of Reservoir Pressure Decay, Velocity and Concentrations Fields of Natural Gas Venting from Pressurized Reservoir into the Atmosphere
ISSN: 1946-3995, e-ISSN: 1946-4002
Published April 12, 2011 by SAE International in United States
Citation: Mack-Gardner, A. and Santrock, J., "Analysis of Reservoir Pressure Decay, Velocity and Concentrations Fields of Natural Gas Venting from Pressurized Reservoir into the Atmosphere," SAE Int. J. Passeng. Cars – Mech. Syst. 4(1):216-230, 2011, https://doi.org/10.4271/2011-01-0252.
Compressed natural gas (CNG) currently is used as an alternative fuel for internal combustion engines in motor vehicles. This paper presents results of an analysis of leaks from a model isolated section of CNG fuel system. Discharge of CNG was modeled as vent flow of a real gas hydrocarbon mixture through an orifice from a reservoir with finite volume. Pressures typically used in CNG fuel systems result in choked flow for gas venting directly to atmosphere, producing an under-expanded, momentum-dominated, turbulent free jet with well defined velocity and concentration fields. This paper presents results of analyses of reservoir pressure decay, and vent flow and concentrations fields for CNG venting from a pressurized reservoir into the atmosphere. A combination of empirically-derived analytical relationships and detailed two-dimensional high resolution computational fluid dynamic modeling was used to determine the velocity and concentrations fields of the resulting CNG jet. The internal volume and initial gas pressure used in this analysis are in the range of an isolated rail in a CNG fuel system. These concentration and velocity fields are then used to assess ignition probability and flame stability.