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Changing the Substrate Technology to meet Future Emission Limits
ISSN: 1946-3952, e-ISSN: 1946-3960
Published May 05, 2010 by SAE International in United States
Citation: Pace, L. and Presti, M., "Changing the Substrate Technology to meet Future Emission Limits," SAE Int. J. Fuels Lubr. 3(2):395-403, 2010, https://doi.org/10.4271/2010-01-1550.
Future stringent emission legislation will require high efficient catalytical systems. Along with engine out emission reduction and advanced wash coat solution the substrate technology will play a key role in order to keep system costs as low as possible.
The development of metallic substrates over the past few years has shown that turbulent-like substrates increase specific catalytic efficiency. This has made it possible to enhance overall performance for a specific catalytic volume or reduce the volume while keeping catalytic efficiency constant.
This paper focuses on the emission efficiency of standard, TS (Transversal Structure) and LS (Longitudinal Structure) metallic substrates. In a first measurement program, standard TS and LS substrates have been compared using a 150cc 4 Stroke engine in dynamic (ECE R40) conditions. In a second test standard and LS substrate have been tested.
Both TS and LS technologies show advantage compared to standard technology but have different application fields: TS is a cost effective solution for next emission limits while LS is a possible solution for future stringent emission limits.