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Spinal Trajectories in Children and Adults Exposed to Low-Speed Frontal Acceleration
Published May 20, 2009 by Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan in Japan
Event: JSAE Spring Conference
Limited experimental data exist on pediatric head and neck kinematics in order to evaluate the biofidelity of the anthropomorphic test devices (ATDs). The aim of this study was to evaluate the head and spinal kinematics of pediatric and adult volunteers in response to a dynamic low-speed frontal sled test. Low-speed volunteer testing of five male subjects in each of two specific age groups (9-12, and 18-30 years) were performed on a custom-built sled. Spherical reflective markers were placed on the head, neck, torso, upper and lower extremities and tracked using a 3D motion analysis system. Head and neck trajectories were compared between the adult and pediatric subjects.
- Kristy B. Arbogast - Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and University of Pennsy
- Terrance Hopely - Rowan Univ.
- Robert Sterner - Rowan Univ.
- Eric Constans - Rowan Univ.
- Sriram Balasubramanian - Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
- Thomas Seacrist - Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
- Matthew R. Maltese - Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
- Hiromasa Tanji - Takata Corp.
- Kazuo Higuchi - Takata Corp.