This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Vehicle Surfaces: A Parking Lot PV Solar Energy Power Generation System
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published October 06, 2009 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
Automobiles, captive busses and other commercial vehicles remain parked in large unroofed parking lots associated with buildings, commuter parking, work places, residential and leisure related areas during great parts of the day. Covering vehicles with high efficiency photovoltaic (PV) flexible solar cell surfaces of approximately 120W so that the energy generated is injected into a network first at DC level and then converted into AC using inverters is a new philosophy. 1.2 MW approximated capacity installed in a >10,000 vehicles parking lot would be valuable in the short term and of prominent importance as PV solar panels customize to automotive applications and increase efficiency where no-roof parking lots form virtual PV solar parks. Advances in PV solar energy as well as structured low voltage 120/240V AC and DC distribution system, wireless power systems and distributed power generation allows the incorporation of this new application that relates to V2G-Vehicle to Grid. The Vehicle Surface Parking Lot PV Solar Energy Power Generation System should be considered in the automobile lifecycle and would be of interest for smart electric power generation, in order to supply energy requirements of lighting systems, ventilation systems and general building services; producing considerable savings. This paper reports on the conceptual design, components, operation, simulation and example conceptual calculation that includes the prospective energy cost benefits; as well as implementation and return of investment. Conclusions about the results obtained are also included.
CitationStrauss, D., Fehr, R., and Cain, A., "Vehicle Surfaces: A Parking Lot PV Solar Energy Power Generation System," SAE Technical Paper 2009-01-2870, 2009, https://doi.org/10.4271/2009-01-2870.
- Meinel and Meinel. Applied Solar Energy. Addison-Wesley. First Edition. 1976.
- Goswami, Kreith and Kreider. Principles of Solar Energy. Taylor & Francis. Second Edition. 2000.
- Fairley Peter, Question. Does Car-Mounted Solar Makes Sense. MIT Technology Review. July 2008.
- Hambley Allan, Electrical Engineering Principles and Applications. Pearson-Prentice Hall. 2008.
- Fehr Ralph. Industrial Power Distribution. Pearson-Prentice Hall. 2002.
- Power Electronics for Renewable Energy Systems. Engler Alfred and Myrzik. ISET- EPE2005. Dresden. 2005.
- Battleson Kirk, Solar Power Tower Design Guide. Large Power System Division. Sandia National Laboratories. 1981.
- Sarehaz Buckle, Goswami Krishnan. Rectenna Development for Solar Energy Collection. CERC-USF. 2005.
- Rojas Daniel. Revenue Management Techniques Applied to the Parking Industry. USF. 2006.
- The Dimensions of Parking. The Urban Land Institute and The National Parking Association. 1998.