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Soot Emission Measurements and Validation of a Mean Value Soot Model for Common-Rail Diesel Engines during Transient Operation
ISSN: 1946-3936, e-ISSN: 1946-3944
Published June 15, 2009 by SAE International in United States
Citation: Kirchen, P., Obrecht, P., and Boulouchos, K., "Soot Emission Measurements and Validation of a Mean Value Soot Model for Common-Rail Diesel Engines during Transient Operation," SAE Int. J. Engines 2(1):1663-1678, 2009, https://doi.org/10.4271/2009-01-1904.
Measurements of the soot emissions and engine operating parameters from a diesel engine during transient operation were used to investigate the influence of transient operation on the soot emissions, as well as to validate a realtime mean value soot model (MVSM, ) for transient operation. To maximize the temporal resolution of the soot emission and engine parameter measurements (in particular EGR), fast instruments were used and their dynamic responses characterized and corrected. During tip-in transients, an increase in the soot emissions was observed due to a short term oxygen deficit compared to steady-state operation. No significant difference was seen between steady-state and transient operation for acceleration transients. When the MVSM was provided with inputs of sufficient temporal resolution, it was capable of reproducing the qualitative and, in part, quantitative soot emission trends. The intake charge temperature at intake valve closing was identified as an important parameter, as its consideration as a model input significantly improved the MVSM performance and it correlated with experimentally observed soot emission phenomena. The absolute influences of this temperature are not yet fully understood and are the subject of future research.
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