This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Sources of UHC Emissions from a Light-Duty Diesel Engine Operating in a Partially Premixed Combustion Regime

Journal Article
ISSN: 1946-3936, e-ISSN: 1946-3944
Published April 20, 2009 by SAE International in United States
Sources of UHC Emissions from a Light-Duty Diesel Engine Operating in a Partially Premixed Combustion Regime
Citation: Ekoto, I., Colban, W., Miles, P., Park, S. et al., "Sources of UHC Emissions from a Light-Duty Diesel Engine Operating in a Partially Premixed Combustion Regime," SAE Int. J. Engines 2(1):1265-1289, 2009,
Language: English


  1. Akihama K. Takatori Y. Inagaki K. Sasaki S. Dean A. M. “Mechanism of the Smokeless Rich Diesel Combustion by Reducing Temperature,” SAE paper 2001-01-0655 , SAE Transactions 110 2001
  2. Noehre C. Andersson M. Johansson B. Hultqvist A. “Characterization of Partially Premixed Combustion,” SAE paper 2006-01-3412 2006
  3. Weiβbäck M. Csató J. Glensvig M. Sams T. Herzog P. “Alternative brennverfahren – ein ansatz für den zukünftigen pkw-dieselmotor,” Presented at MTZ 2003
  4. Ogawa H. Li T. Miyamoto N. Kido S. Shimizu H. “Dependence of Ultra-High EGR and Low-Temperature Diesel Combustion on Fuel Injection Conditions and Compression Ratio,” SAE paper 2006-01-3386 , SAE Transactions 115 2006
  5. Opat R. Ra Y. Gonzalez D. M. A. Krieger R. Reitz R. D. Foster D. E. Durrett R. P. Siewert R. M. “Investigation of Mixing and Temperature Effects on HC/CO Emissions for Highly Dilute Low Temperature Combustion in a Light Duty Engine,” SAE paper 2007-01-0193 2007
  6. Kook S. Bae C. Miles P. C. Choi D. Pickett L. M. “The Influence of Charge Dilution and Injection Timing on Low-Temperature Diesel Combustion and Emissions,” SAE paper 2005-01-3837 , SAE Transactions 114 2005
  7. Kahn I. M. Greeves G. Wang C. H. T. “Factors Affecting Smoke and Gaseous Emissions from Direct Injection Engines and a Method of Calculation,” SAE paper 730169 1973
  8. Genzale, C.L. Reitz, R.D. Musculus, M.P.B. “Effects of Piston Bowl Geometry on Mixture Development and Late-Injection Low-Temperature Combustion in a Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine,” SAE Int. J. Engines 1 1 913 937 2008
  9. Ford H. S. Merrion D. F. Hames R. J. “Reducing Hydrocarbons and Odor in Diesel Exhaust by Fuel Injector Design,” SAE paper 700734 1970
  10. Yu R. C. Wong V. W. Shahed S. M. “Sources of Hydrocarbon Emissions from Direct Injection Diesel Engines,” SAE paper 800048 , SAE Transactions 89 1980
  11. Yu R. C. Kuo T. -W. Shahed S. M. Chang T. W. “The Effect of Mixing Rate, End of Injection, and Sac Volume on Hydrocarbon Emissions from a D.I. Diesel Engine,” SAE paper 831294 , SAE Transactions 92 1983
  12. Colban W. F. Miles P. C. Oh S. “On the Cyclic Variability and Sources of Unburned Hydrocarbon Emissions in Low Temperature Diesel Combustion Systems,” SAE paper 2007-01-1837 2007
  13. Kook S. Bae C. Miles P. C. Choi D. Bergin M. Reitz R. D. “The Effect of Swirl Ratio and Fuel Injection Parameters on CO Emission and Fuel Conversion Efficiency for High-Dilution, Low-Temperature Combustion in an Automotive Diesel Engine,” SAE paper 2006-01-0197 2006
  14. Bression, G. Soleri, D. Savy, S. Dehoux, S. et al. “A Study of Methods to Lower HC and CO Emissions in Diesel HCCI,” SAE Int. J. Fuels Lubr. 1 1 37 49 2008
  15. Colban W. F. Miles P. C. Oh S. “Effect of Intake Pressure on Performance and Emissions in an Automotive Diesel Engine Operating in Low Temperature Combustion Regimes,” SAE paper 2007-01-4063 2007
  16. Colban, W.F. Kim, D. Miles, P.C. Oh, S. “A Detailed Comparison of Emissions and Combustion Performance between Optical and Metal Single-Cylinder Diesel Engines at Low Temperature Combustion Conditions,” SAE Int. J. Fuels Lubr. 1 1 505 519 2008
  17. Pickett L. M. Caton J. A. Musculus M. P. Lutz A. E. 2006 “Evaluation of the equivalence ratio-temperature region of diesel soot precursor formation using a two-stage Lagrangian model,” International Journal of Engine Research, 7
  18. Metz T. Bai X. Ossler F. Aldén M. 2004 “Fluorescence lifetimes of formaldehyde (H 2 CO) in the à 1 A 2 → X 1 A 1 band system at elevated temperatures and pressures,” Spectrochimica Acta Part A 60
  19. Colban W. F. Miles P. C. Ekoto I. W. “In-Cylinder PIV Measurements in an Optical Light-Duty Diesel at LTC Conditions,” Presented at THIESEL Conference 2008
  20. Kim, D. Ekoto, I. Colban, W.F. Miles, P.C. “In-cylinder CO and UHC Imaging in a Light-Duty Engine Diesel Engine during PPCI Low-Temperature Combustion,” SAE Int. J. Fuels Lubr. 1 1 933 956 2008
  21. Lachaux T. Musculus M.P.B. 2007 “In-Cylinder Unburned Hydrocarbon Visualization During Low-Temperature Compression-Ignition Engine Combustion Using Formaldehyde PLIF,” Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 31
  22. and technology-chemistry-combustion-nc7h16
  24. Amsden A. A. KIVA-3V Release 2 LA-UR-99-915 Los Alamos National Laboratory 1999
  25. Kong S. C. Kim H. Reitz R. D. Kim Y. 2005 “Comparisons of Combustion Simulation Using Representative Interactive Flamelet Model and Direct Integration of CFD with Detailed Chemistry,” ASME Journal of Gas Turbines and Power 130
  26. Ra Y. Reitz R. D. 2008 “A Reduced Chemical Kinetic Model for IC Engine Combustion Simulations with Primary Reference Fuels,” Combustion and Flame 155
  27. Abani N. Kokjohn S. Park S. W. Bergin M. Munnannur A. Ning W. Sun Y. Reitz R. D. “An Improved Spray Model for Reducing Numerical Parameter Dependencies in Diesel Engine CFD Simulations,” SAE paper 2008-01-0970 2008
  28. Park S. W. Abani N. Reitz R. D. Suh H. K. Lee C. S. 2008 “Modeling of Group-Hole Nozzle Sprays Using Grid-Size, Hole-Location, and Time-Step Independent Models,” Atomization and Sprays
  29. Abani N. Munnannur A. Reitz R. D. 2008 “Reduction of numerical parameter dependencies in diesel spray models,” Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power 130 (3)
  30. Munnannur A. Reitz R.D. 2008 “A comprehensive collision model for multi-dimensional engine spray computations,” Atomization and Sprays
  31. Beale J. C. Reitz R. D. 1999 “Modeling Spray Atomization with the Kelvin-Helmholtz/Rayleigh-Taylor Hybrid Model,” Atomization and Sprays 9
  32. Han Z. Reitz R. D. 1995 “Turbulence Modeling of Internal Combustion Engines Using RNG k-e Models,” Combust. Sci. and Tech 106
  33. Sjöberg M. Dec J. E. 2005 “An Investigation into the Lowest Accepatble Combustion Temperatures for Hydrocarbon Fuels in HCCI Engines,” Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 30
  34. Naber J. D. Siebers D. L. “Effects of Gas Density and Vaporization on Penetration and Dispersion of Diesel Sprays,” SAE paper 960034 , SAE Transactions 105 1996
  35. Musculus M. P. B. Lachaux T. Pickett L. M. Idicheria C. A. “End-of-Injection Over-Mixing and Unburned Hydrocarbon Emissions in Low-Temperature-Combustion Diesel Engines,” SAE paper 2007-01-0907 2007
  36. Kashdan J. T. “Tracer LIF Visualisation Studies of Piston-Top Fuel Films in a Wall-Guided, Low-NOx Diesel Engine,” SAE paper 2008-01-2474 2008
  37. Koci, C.P. Ra, Y. Krieger, R. Andrie, M. et al. “Detailed Unburned Hydrocarbon Investigations in a Highly-Dilute Diesel Low Temperature Combustion Regime,” SAE Int. J. Engines 2 1 858 879 2009
  38. Miles P. C. Collin R. Hildingsson L Hultqvist A. Andersson Ö. 2007 “Combined measurements of flow structure, partially oxidized fuel, and soot in a high-speed, direct-injection diesel engine,” Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 31 (2)

Cited By