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Procedure for Determining the Allowable Particle Contamination for Diesel Fuel Injection Equipment (FIE)
- Journal Article
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.4271/2009-01-0870
ISSN: 1946-3952, e-ISSN: 1946-3960
Published April 20, 2009 by SAE International in United States
Citation: von Stockhausen, A., Mangold, M., Eppinger, D., and Livingston, T., "Procedure for Determining the Allowable Particle Contamination for Diesel Fuel Injection Equipment (FIE)," SAE Int. J. Fuels Lubr. 2(1):294-304, 2009, https://doi.org/10.4271/2009-01-0870.
Increasing injection pressures together with Diesel fuel lubricated Common Rail pumps replacing oil lubricated systems demand a more sophisticated investigation of robustness and durability against particle contamination of fuel. The established way of requiring filtration efficiency levels per lab standard is not significant enough if we look at variable factors like vibration of the fuel filter and viscosity of the fuel. Because these and other factors tremendously influence filtration efficiency, future Diesel FIE cleanliness requirements will need to define an allowable contamination limit downstream of the filter. More precisely, this is not a scalar limit but a contamination collective that considers the varying vehicle filtration and operating environment.
This paper describes a procedure for defining allowable contamination limits of the FIE components. The procedure includes sensitivity, robustness and “key life” tests. The latter one is similar to a S-N curve (Woehler curve) and is the basis for the damage accumulation model of particle contamination.