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On “VZN” Smart and Cheap Shock Absorber Concept
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published April 20, 2009 by SAE International in United States
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“VZN” is an automotive smart shock absorber concept, this acronym being abbreviation for VARIABLE ZETA NECESSARY for well behavior in all road and load conditions, where ZETA represents the relative damping, which is stepwise changed automatically, according to the piston position.
The self adjustable shock absorber VZN, realized without electronics or mechanisms, grant with European Patent EP 1190184 B1, and Romanian Patent 118546 B1, has an energy dissipation system made of an inner cylinder having sideways damping valves, placed optimally between to the ends.
Comparative with standard shock absorbers having constant rebound/compression damping coefficients, the VZN concept, give a wide range of damping coefficients along the stroke. So for identical damping valves/metering holes the damping coefficients decreases with the square number of active valves/metering holes, meaning values between (0.1 to 100)× (Standard damping coefficients), and more.
The theoretical and by simulation results denotes the VZN concept confers, the next advantages relative to the standard ones:
May be realized in much technical solution, with planar, curved, or cylindrical filling valves
Permit more 70% reduced compression and rebound stopper bumpers
Are cheaper and more compact and robust
Give a progressive anti-unbalance effect at bounce, pitch and roll more 1 to 30 times relative to standard one, due to the high progressive vertical forces at bounce and high progressive torques at pitch and roll, on unbalance movement, confer by the large area of shock absorbers progressive vertical forces, stopping progressive the unbalance movement, at bounce, pitch and roll.
Give a progressive anti-redressing effect at bounce, pitch and roll less 0.3 to 1 relative to standard one, due to the low progressive vertical forces at bounce and low progressive torques at pitch and roll, on redressing movement, confer by the large area of shock absorbers progressive vertical forces, favoring the redressing movement, at bounce, pitch and roll.
Touches very rarely and softly the stop bumpers, at high roads unevenness
Reduce car body highest vertical accelerations values 5 times
Reduce the standard deviation of car body vertical accelerations more 40%
Reduce highest forces in stop bumpers values more 20 times
Reduce the root mean squares forces in stop bumpers values more 10 times
Are efficient even 50% efficiency
Give sufficient efficiency even 50% oil losses.
Give the SKYHOOK behavior
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CitationNiculescu, A., Dumitriu, D., and Sireteanu, T., "On “VZN” Smart and Cheap Shock Absorber Concept," SAE Technical Paper 2009-01-0220, 2009, https://doi.org/10.4271/2009-01-0220.
- Niculescu, A. I. “Self-Adjustable Damper with a Self-Correcting Dissipation Characteristic” European Patent EP1190184 August 31 2005
- Niculescu, A. I. “Amortizor hydraulic” Romanian Patent RO118546 August 30 2004
- Niculescu, Adrian Ioan, Dumitriu, D. Sireteanu, T. Alexandru, C. 32 nd FISITA World Automotive Congress, F2008-03-010 Munchen 2008
- Niculescu, Adrian Ioan, Dumitriu, D. Sireteanu, T. Alexandru, C. 31 st FISITA World Automotive Congress, F2006V071 Yokohama 2006
- Niculescu, Adrian Ioan, Sireteanu, T. Stancioiu, D. 30 th FISITA World Automotive Congress, F2004F344 Barcelona 2004
- Research Trends in Mechanics Romanian Academy Publishing House Niculescu, Adrian Ioan, 2007 173 204