This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Characteristics of Pole Impacts to Side of Passenger Cars in European Traffic Accidents and Assessment of Injury Mechanisms - Analysis of German and UK In-Depth Data
Published November 03, 2008 by The Stapp Association in United States
Annotation ability available
The national accident statistics demonstrate that the situation of passenger car side impacts is dominated by car-to-car accidents. Car side-to-pole impacts are relatively infrequent events but result in disproportionate rates of serious and fatal injuries when compared to those in car-to-car side impact. Hence their importance has been highlighted in recent studies. For the present study two approaches were undertaken to better understand the scenario of car-to-pole impacts in Germany. The German in-depth database GIDAS (German In-Depth-Accident Study) and the UK-based database CCIS (Co-operative Crash Injury Study) were used. The first part or the study is a statistical analysis of passenger car side-to-pole impacts to describe the characteristics and their importance relevant to other types of impact and to gain further knowledge about the main factors influencing the accident outcome. The second part contains a case-by-case review of passenger cars first registered 1998 and onwards to further investigate this type of impact, including regression analysis to assess the relationship between injury severity and pole impact relevant factors. The study uses a methodology that merges in-depth-accident data from different nations and shows how in-depth cases can be used for finding injury-related technical parameters like deformation pattern, load circumstances for impact locations, and directions on the vehicle for the assessment of current and prospective test regulations. Delta-v can be identified as the most significant influencing factor for MAIS, especially for injury severity for thr thorax and abdomen. The vast majority of severe and fatal injuries are in accidents involving damage to the passenger compartment. The depth of deformation has significant influence on the injury severity level of the extremities. The most frequent direction of impact in car side-to-pole impacts is perpendicular (90° ±15°).
|Technical Paper||Side Impacts: A Comparison of Laboratory Experiments and NCSS Crashes|
|Technical Paper||A New Airbag Generation|
|Journal Article||What's Speed Got To Do With It?|
CitationOtte, D., Haasper, C., Eis, V., and Schaefer, R., "Characteristics of Pole Impacts to Side of Passenger Cars in European Traffic Accidents and Assessment of Injury Mechanisms - Analysis of German and UK In-Depth Data," SAE Technical Paper 2008-22-0014, 2008, https://doi.org/10.4271/2008-22-0014.
- Breimann L. Friedma J.H. Olshen R.A. 1984 Classification and Regression Trees Chapman & Hall (Wadswoth, Inc) New York 1984
- ECE 95 2005 Uniform Provisions Concerning the Approval of Vehicles with Regard to the Protection if the Occupants in the Event of a Lateral Collision Economic Commission for Europe Brussels
- Kahane C. 1999 Evaluation of FMVSS 214 - Side Impact Protection: Dynamic Performance Requirement NHTSA Report Number DOT HS 809 004 Washington. DC
- Otte D 1990 Comparison and Realism of Crash Simulation Tests and Real Accident Situations for the Bomechanical Movements in Car Collisions Proc. 34th STAPP Car Crash Conference Orlando, USA
- Otte D. Krettek C. Brunner H. Zwipp H. 2003 Scientific Approach and Methodology of a New In-Depth-Investigation Study in Germany so called GIDAS ESV Conference Japan 2003
- Otte D. 2005 3-D Laser systems for scaled accident sketches and documentation of the traces after traffic accidents as basis of biomechanical analysis 31st Ircobi Conference 435 438 Prague, Czech Republic
- Pfeiffer M. Schmidt J. 2006 Statistical and Methodological Foundations of the GIDAS Accident Survey System 2nd ESAR Conference 81 87 Hannover Germany 2006
- statsl9 2005 Road Casualtiers Great Britain: 2005 Department for Transport (DfT - UK) London, UK
- STBA 2006 Statistical data of traffic accidents in Germany 2005 7 2006
- Varat M. Husher S. 1999 Vehicle Crash Severity Assessment in Lateral Pole Impacts SAE Technial Paper, 1999-01-0100 Society of Automotive Engineers Warrendale, PA
- Zaouk A. Eigen A. Digges K. 2001 Occupant Injury Patterns in Side Crashes SAE Technical Paper, 2001-01-0723 Society of Automotive Engineers Waffendate, PA
- Statistisches Bundesamt 2006 Unfälle von 18- bis 24-Jährigen im Straβenverkehr 2006 Wiesbaden, Germany 2006