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ANITA Air Monitoring on the International Space Station Part 1: The Mission
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published June 29, 2008 by SAE International in United States
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After the launch to the International Space Station with The Space Shuttle flight STS 118 13A.1 on August 9th 2007 and the accommodation in the US lab Destiny, the air quality monitor ANITA (Analyzing Interferometer for Ambient Air) has been successfully put into operation. ANITA is a technology demonstrator flight experiment being able to continuously monitor with high time resolution the air conditions within the crewed cabins of the ISS (International Space Station). The system has its origin in a long term ESA (European Space Agency) technology development program. The ANITA mission itself is an ESA-NASA cooperative project. ESA is responsible for the provision of the HW (Hardware), the data acquisition and data evaluation. NASA's responsibilities are launch, accommodation in the US Lab Destiny, operation and data download.
The ANITA air analyser is designed to detect and quantify online and with high time resolution 30 trace gases simultaneously with down to sub-ppm (parts per million) detection limits in addition to the always present background gases carbon dioxide and water vapour. The air analyser thus monitors the trace gas dynamics of the spacecraft's atmosphere in providing continuous air monitoring as well as crew warning capability in case of malfunctions.
Beside continuous measurements in the vicinity of the gas monitor, air samples from remote places in the International Space Station can be analyzed using gas bags and a hand pump. However, considering the experimental character of ANITA, the measurements are not on-line visible to the Crew.
ANITA is an on-orbit test experiment and a precursor for a permanent continuous trace gas monitoring system on the ISS - ANITA II. It further represents a precursor system for future air monitoring in crewed vehicles being developed for the Human Space Exploration program.
This is the first paper of two describing the measurement principle, the HW and the mission on the ISS. Finally, an outlook into the future highlights the potential of the ANITA technology for the Exploration program. The work described has been performed under contract of the European Space Agency.
- T. Stuffler - Kayser-Threde GmbH, Germany
- H. Mosebach - Kayser-Threde GmbH, Germany
- D. Kampf - Kayser-Threde GmbH, Germany
- W. Supper - ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands
- G. Tan - ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands
- A. Honne - SINTEF, Norway
- H. Schumann-Olsen - SINTEF, Norway
- K. Kaspersen - SINTEF, Norway
CitationStuffler, T., Mosebach, H., Kampf, D., Honne, A. et al., "ANITA Air Monitoring on the International Space Station Part 1: The Mission," SAE Technical Paper 2008-01-2042, 2008, https://doi.org/10.4271/2008-01-2042.
- Johansen I-R Honne A Tschudi J 1996 Investigation of FTIR instruments for trace gas detection Spectroscopy Europe 8 6 10 16
- Breadboarding of an FTIR Spectrometer for Air Monitoring in manned Spacecraft Bittner H. Johansen I.-R. Honne A. Tan G. ICES 1996 Monterey
- Johansen I-R Lines G T Honne A Midtgaard T 1997 Calibration of an FT-IR spectrometer for ambient air monitoring using PLS (Partial Least Squares) Applied Spectroscopy 51 10 1540 46
- Progress in an FTIR-based Multi-Component Monitoring System for Spacecraft Air Analysis Stuffler T. Honne A. Johansen I.-R. Able H. Tan G. ICES 1999 Denver
- Current Status of the ESA FTIR-based Multi-Component Monitoring System for Spacecraft Air Analysis Honne A. Johansen I.-R. Stuffier T. Mosebach H. Kampf D. Abele H. Tan G. ICES 2000 Toulouse
- Blind test performance of the ESA FTIR-based Multi-Component Monitoring System for Spacecraft Air Analysis Honne A. Johansen I.-R. Tan G. Stuffier T. ICES 2001 Orlando
- ANITA: An FTIR Spectrometer Flight Experiment for Space Craft Cabin Air Analysis Stuffler T. Kampf D. Mosebach H. Honne A. Tan G. ICES 2001 Orlando
- A Process to Evaluate Advanced Technologies for Future NASA needs Limero T. James J.T: ICES 2001 Orlando
- Status Report on ANITA, an FTIR Spectrometer Flight Experiment for Manned Space Cabin Air Analysis Stuffler T. Kampf D. Mosebach H. Glier M. Honne A. Tan Gijsbert ICES 2002 San Antonio
- ANITA – The Optimized Spacecraft Air Monitor on its way to Orbit Stuffler T. Kampf D. Mosebach H. Honne A. Tan G. ICES 2003 Vancouver
- ANITA and ANITA II – Optimised Analysers for Advanced Air Quality Monitoring in Crewed Space Craft Stuffler T. Kampf D. Mosebach H. Honne A. Odegard H. Tan G. ICES 2004 Colorado Springs
- ANITA – Preparing for Automatic Air Analyses on the ISS Honne A. Odegard H. Schumann-Olsen H. Stuffler T. Mosebach H. Kampf D. Tan G. ICES 2005 Rome
- The ANITA Air Monitoring Program and Instrumentation - ISS and other Applications Stuffler T. Mosebach H. Kampf D. Honne A. Odegard H. Tan G. ICES 2006 Norfolk
- NASA Toxicology Group Spacecraft Maximum Allowable Concentrations For Airborne Contaminants JSC 20584 NASA, Johnson Space Center Houston, Texas, U.S.A. 1999
- The ISS Air Monitor ANITA – Going into Operation on ISS Stuffler T. Mosebach H. Kampf D. Honne A. Odegard H. Tan G. ICES 2007 Chicago