This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Comparative Study of the Performance and Emission Characteristics of Biodiesels from Different Vegetable Oils with Diesel
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published June 23, 2008 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
This paper is concerned with the comparison and analysis of the performance and emission characteristics of methyl esters of sunflower oil, palm oil, pungam oil, Jatropha oil, Rice bran oil and waste cooking oil with those of diesel. The need to select the biodiesels source for standardization of biodiesels blends necessitates this comparison. In addition to the various vegetable oils, sunflower oil that has been hydrogenated after cooking has also been considered for this comparison. All the above mentioned vegetable oils are transesterified with methanol in presence of alkaline catalyst to obtain the respective methyl esters. The above obtained ‘biodiesels’ are tested on a single cylinder Direct Injection CI engine. The engine is loaded with an electrical dynamometer. The performance parameters, namely Brake Thermal Efficiency (BTE) and Specific Fuel Consumption (SFC) are calculated form brake power and total fuel consumption. Emissions of Carbon Monoxide (CO), Oxides of Nitrogen (NOX) and Unburnt Hydrocarbons (HC) are measured using MRU delta 1600 L Exhaust Gas Analyzer. The emissions of soot are measured by AVL smoke meter. The measured performance and emissions of the biodiesels are compared with that of diesel.
It is found that sunflower oil methyl ester (SUME) has highest BTE across the range of loads while Palm oil methyl ester (PAME) has the lowest specific fuel consumption among the biodiesels. NOX emissions are highest for SUME. All biodiesels record lesser CO, HC and soot emissions compared to diesel.
CitationSuryanarayanan, S., Janakiraman, V., Rao, G., and Sampath, S., "Comparative Study of the Performance and Emission Characteristics of Biodiesels from Different Vegetable Oils with Diesel," SAE Technical Paper 2008-01-1581, 2008, https://doi.org/10.4271/2008-01-1581.
- Crabbe E Nolasco-Hipolito C Kobayashi G Sonomoto K Ishizaki A Biodiesel production from crude palm oil and evaluation of butanol extraction and fuel properties Process Biochemistry 2001 37 65 71
- Ramadhas AS Jayaraj S Muraleedharan C Use of vegetable oils as I.C. Engine fuel- A review Renewable Energy 2004 29 5 727 742
- Knothe G Steidley KR Lubricity of components of biodiesel and petrodiesel: The origin of biodiesel lubricity Energy & Fuels 2005 19 1192 1200
- Bari S Yu CW Lim TH Performance deterioration and durability issues while running a diesel engine with crude palm oil Proc. Instn. Mech. Engrs Vol.216 Part-D J. Automobile Engineering 2002 785 792
- Schuchardt. U Sercheli R Vargas R M 1998 Transesterification of vegetable oils: a review J. Braz. Chem. Soc. 9 199 210
- Kaufman KR Ziejewski M Sunflower methyl esters for direct injected diesel engines Trans ASAE 1984 27 6 1626 1633
- Da Silva FN Prata AS Teixeira JR Technical feasibility assessment of oleic sunflower methyl ester utilizations in Diesel bus engines Energy Conversion and Management 2003 44 2857 2878
- Rao GLN Saravanan S Sampath S Rajgopal K Emission Characteristics of a direct Injection Diesel Engine fuelled with Bio-diesel and its Blends Proceedings of the International Conference on Resource Utilization and Intelligent Systems Tamilnadu, India 2006 353 356
- Akor AJ Chanallor WJ Raubach N The potential of palm oil as motor fuel Transactions of the ASAE 1983 23 28
- Ouedraogo M. Ayers PD Linden JC Diesel Engine Performance Tests Using Oil from Jatropha Curcas L Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa, and Latin America 1991 2 4 25 29
- Banapurmath N.R Yaliwal V.S Basavarajappa Y.H Tewari P.G Performance of Honge (Pongamia pinnata) oil blends in a diesel Engine Proceedings of the 19th National conference on I.C. Engines and Combustion Annamalai University Chidambaram Dec 21-23 2005 107 111
- Shailendra Sinha Avinash Kumar Agarwal Combustion Characteristics of Rice Bran Oil Derived Biodiesel in a Transportation Diesel Engine SAE Paper # 2005-26-354 Society of Automotive Engineers 2006
- Bari. S Yu CW Lim TH Effect of injection timing with waste cooking oil as a fuel in a direct injection engine Proc. Instn. Mech. Engrs Vol.218 Part-D J. Automobile Engineering 2004 93 104
- Nye MJ Williamson TW Deshpande S Schrader JH Snively WH Yurkewich TP French CL Conversion of Used Frying Oil to Diesel Fuel by Transesterification: Preliminary Tests Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society 1983 60 8 1598 1601
- Reed TB Graboski MS Gaur S Development and Commercialization of Oxygenated Diesel Fuels from Waste Vegetable Oils Biomass and Bioenergy 1992 3 111 115
- Rajaram R. Tiruchi railway division takes eco-friendly route THE HINDU Jul 22 2005
- Jonathan B Hagena R. Filipi Zoran S. Assanis Dennis N. Transient Diesel Emissions: Analysis of Engine Operation During a Tip-In SAE paper 2006-01-1151 , SAE 2006 World Congress & Exhibition April 2006 Detroit, MI, USA
- Fernando, S Hall, C Jha, S “NO X Reduction From Bio-diesel Fuels” Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering Mississippi State University Energy & Fuels 2006 20 376 382
- Air Council “The Danger from Diesel” http://www.cleanair.org/Air/diesel_factsheet1_danger.pdf
- Pope, Arden C. Cancer, cardiopulmonary mortality, and long-term exposure to fine particulate air pollution J. Amer. Med. Assoc. 2002 287 1132 1141