This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
The Effects of Control Strategy and Driving Pattern on the Fuel Economy and Exhaust Emissions of a Hybrid Electric Bus
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published April 14, 2008 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
This paper constructed a parallel type hybrid-electric bus model based on GM-Allison system which is consisted of three planetary gear-sets and two motors. The simulation model is modified from the backward-looking simulation of ADVISOR. The hybrid-electric bus (HEB) is simulated to compare with a conventional diesel bus. Four different driving cycles are employed: Taipei City Bus Cycle, New York Bus Cycle, Manhattan Cycle, and Central Business District Cycle. Three different control strategies, namely speed control, torque control, and power control are studied.
The simulation results show that the GM-Allison hybrid-electric bus with good control strategy can improve fuel economy by 66% compared to a conventional diesel bus. As for exhaust emissions, CO, HC, NOx and PM are reduced by 83%, 59%, 66% and 62%, respectively.
|Technical Paper||Modeling and Validation of an Over-the-Road Truck|
|Technical Paper||Emission and Fuel Consumption Measurements for Transit Buses Running on Gaseous Fuels Using a Mobile Measurement System|
|Special Publication||Exhaust Emission Control Modeling, 2012|
CitationWu, Y., Chen, B., and Huang, K., "The Effects of Control Strategy and Driving Pattern on the Fuel Economy and Exhaust Emissions of a Hybrid Electric Bus," SAE Technical Paper 2008-01-0306, 2008, https://doi.org/10.4271/2008-01-0306.
- Wang, W. et al. 2003 “Develop Hybrid Transit Buses for Chinese Cities,” SAE Paper 2003-01-0087
- Ciccarelli T. Toossi, R. Goodarzi, A. 2001 “Assessment of Hybrid Configuration and Control Strategies in Planning Future metropolitan/Urban Transit Systems,” SAE Paper 2001-01-2502
- McKain, D.L. Clark., N.N. Balon, T.H. Moynihan, P.J. Lynch, S.A. Webb, T.C. 2001 “Characterization of Emissions from Hybrid-Electric and Conventional Transit Buses,” SAE Paper 2001-01-2011
- Northeast Advanced Vehicle Consortium “Hybrid-Electric Drive Heavy-Duty Vehicle Testing Project,” Agreement No.: NAVC1098-PG009837 February 15 2000
- Northeast Advanced Vehicle Consortium “HYBRID TRANSIT BUS CERTIFICATION WORKGROUP Engine Certification Recommendations Report,” NAVC0599-AVP009903 September 15 2000
- Clark, N.N. Conley, J. Jarrett, R.P. Nennelli, A. Tóth-Nagy, C. 2001 “Emissions Modeling of Heavy-Duty Conventional and Hybrid Electric Vehicles,” SAE Paper 2001-01-3675
- Transportation Research Board “Hybrid-electric transit buses: status, issues, and benefits,” TCRP Report 89 June 2000
- U.K. Department for Transport “Economics of bus drivelines,” January 2004 August 2004
- American Public Transportation Association “Flexible guided bus operation moves ahead in French cities,” 2003
- Chiang, P.K. 2007 “Two-Mode Urban Transit Hybrid Bus In-Use Fuel Economy Results from 20 Million Fleet Miles,” SAE Paper 2007-01-0272
- Huang, K. Cai, L. Jin Z. 2007 “Design of Parallel Hybrid Electric Bus with Emphasis on Regeneration Braking,” SAE Paper 2007-01-3490
- Klemen, D. Schmidt, M.R. 2006 “Dual Path Electrically-Variable Trnmission,”
- Brooker, A. Haraldsson, K. Hendricks, T. Johnson, V. Kelly, K. Kramer, B. Markel, T. O'Keefe, M. Sprik, S. Wipke, K. Zolot, M. 2002 “Advisor Documentation,” National Renewable Energy Laboratory
- Chen, B.-C. Wu, Y.-Y. Huang, Y.-D. Yeh, C.-N. 2005 “Modeling and Control of Hybrid Electric Motorcycles with Variable-Winding Wheel Motors,” SAE Paper No. 2005-01-0283