This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Single Fuel Research Program Comparative Results of the Use of JP-8 Aviation Fuel versus Diesel Fuel on a Direct Injection and Indirect Injection Diesel Engine
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published April 03, 2006 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
During the last years a great effort has been made by many NATO nations to move towards the use of one military fuel for all the land-based military aircraft, vehicles and equipment employed on the military arena. This idea is known to as the Single Fuel Concept (SFC). The fuel selected for the idea of SFC is the JP-8 (F-34) military aviation fuel which is based upon the civil jet fuel F-35 (Jet A-1) with the inclusion of military additives possessing anti-icing and lubricating properties. An extended experimental investigation has been conducted in the laboratory of Thermodynamic and Propulsion Systems at the Hellenic Air Force Academy. This investigation was conducted with the collaboration of the respective laboratories of National Technical University of Athens and Hellenic Naval Academy as well. The main scope of this investigation is to evaluate the use of JP-8 aviation fuel as a full substitute for Diesel Fuel in various types of diesel engines, namely Direct and Indirect Injection Diesel Engines respectively. The present contribution is a review work concerning experimental data for performance and exhaust emissions coming from the operation of the two types of diesel engines with JP-8 fuel. Specifically, the present work covers a range of engine load and speed operating conditions under JP-8 and normal diesel operation (baseline conditions), comprising measurements of cylinder pressure and Injection pressure diagrams, fuel consumption and the concentrations of exhaust gas emissions (Nitrogen Oxide (NO), Carbon Monoxide (CO), Unburnt Hydrocarbons (HC) and Soot) for both types of engines. The differences in the measured performance and exhaust emissions data are determined for the JP-8 fuel engine operation against the normal diesel operation. According to the results presented in this work, for both types of engines (DI and IDI) examined it is revealed a significant effect of JP-8 fuel combustion on some basic engine operating parameters (maximum combustion pressure, ignition delay period etc.) compared to standard diesel operation. As far as the exhaust emissions are concerned, the full substitution of diesel fuel with JP-8 affects positively (reduction) the values of the Carbon Monoxide concentrations while it seems to have a negligible influence on the concentrations of Nitrogen Oxide emissions for both types of engines. On the other hand the operation of each type of engine with JP-8 fuel seems to affect seriously the values of the unburnt hydrocarbons and soot emission concentrations compared to the respective values observed under normal diesel operation.
CitationPapagiannakis, R., Kotsiopoulos, P., Hountalas, D., and Yfantis, E., "Single Fuel Research Program Comparative Results of the Use of JP-8 Aviation Fuel versus Diesel Fuel on a Direct Injection and Indirect Injection Diesel Engine," SAE Technical Paper 2006-01-1673, 2006, https://doi.org/10.4271/2006-01-1673.
- BELVOIR R D & E CENTRE “JP-8 Single Fuel Forward Report” U.S. Army 1991
- MOSES C. FLETCHER R. 1993 “The single fuel concept” Special meeting report, Propulsion and Energetic Panel of AGARD Montreal, Canada October 1993
- BATCHELOR C. MOSES C. “Impact study on the use of Jet -A fuel in Military Aircraft during a European conflict” Standing Committee Report on Aviation Fuels, AGARD, Propulsion and Energetic Panel 1994
- AGARD Propulsion and Energetic Panel “The Single fuel Concept and Operation Desert Storm” Special Report of SCO3 Committee 1994
- NATO Pipe Line Committee, Fuels & Lubricants Working Group “Implementation of the Single Fuel Concept” 1998
- KOUREMENOS D KOTSIOPOULOS P HOUNTALAS D NATO Fuels and Lubricants Working Group Presentation /Technical Report 23rd GFWP Meeting “The Effect of Use JP-8 Aviation Fuel on a Steyer WD 610-135 truck Engine” 1994
- KOUREMENOS D KOTSIOPOULOS P HOUNTALAS D NATO Fuels and Lubricants Working Group Presentation /Technical Report 25th GFWP Meeting “Comparative Results from the Use of Diesel Fuel and JP-8 Aviation Fuel on an Indirect Swirl Chamber Ricardo Engine” 1995
- KOTSIOPOULOS P. YFANTIS H. HOUNTALAS D. “Comparative Results of the Use of Diesel Fuel and JP-8 Aviation on a Direct Injection Diesel Engine” IMECHE Conference, Automotive Fuels for the 21st Century 1996
- KOTSIOPOULOS P. YFANTIS H. LOIS E. HOUNTALAS D. “Diesel and JP-8 Fuel Performance on a Petter AV1 Diesel Engine” 39th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting & Exhibit, AIAA No 2001-0500
- KOUREMENOS D. RAKOPOULOS C. HOUNTALAS D. “Experimental Investigation of the Performance and Exhaust Emissions of a Swirl Chamber Diesel Engine Using JP-8 Aviation Fuel” International Journal of Energy Research John Wiley & Sons 21 1997
- RAKOPOULOS C. HOUNTALAS D. “Performance and Emissions of a High Speed Direct Injection Diesel Engine Operating with JP-8 Fuel” 1st European Conference on Clean Cars May 15-18 Athens 1997
- YOST D. MONTALVO D. “Comparison of Diesel Exhaust Emissions Using JP-8 and Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel” Interim Report TFLRF No. 308 (AD A301 922) U.S. Army TARDEC Fuels and Lubricants Research Facility, Southwest Research Institute San Antonio, TX November 1995
- HOUNTALAS D.T. KOUREMENOS A.D. “Development and application of a fully automatic troubleshooting method for large marine diesel engines” Applied. Thermal Engineering 19 299 324 1999
- Heywood J.B. Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals McGraw-Hill New York 1988