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Multidimensional Modelling of Spray Impingement in Modern Diesel Engines
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published September 11, 2005 by Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche in Italy
In modern DI diesel engines with high pressure injection systems, the impingement of the spray on the piston head frequently occurs. Being the mixture preparation a crucial aspect for the correct operation of the engine, as it greatly influences and alters the combustion process, numerical modelling of the spray-wall interaction becomes essential.
Three different spray-wall interaction models have been tested and integrated into a modified version of the KIVA-3V. All the models conserve mass, momentum and energy of the impinging droplet and have a different behavior if the surface is wet or dry. The paper focuses on the main features of the single models, investigating the different criteria used to define the splash occurrence, the ratio of the splashed mass to the incident mass and the splashed droplet size.
Comparisons with experimental data are presented. The effects of the initial injection velocity and the spray cone angle are also investigated.