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An Experimental Study on HCCI Combustion in a Four-Stroke Gasoline Engine with Reduced Valve Lift Operations
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published October 24, 2005 by SAE International in United States
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To achieve homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) combustion in the range of low speeds and loads, special camshafts with low intake/exhaust cam lift and short intake/exhaust cam duration were designed. The camshafts were mounted in a Ricardo Hydra four-stroke single cylinder port fuel injection gasoline engine. HCCI combustion was achieved by controlling the amount of trapped residuals from previous cycle through negative valve overlap. The results show that indicated mean effective pressure (IMEP) depends on valve timings, engine speeds and lambda. Early exhaust valve closing (EVC) timings result in high residual fractions in the cylinder and low air mass sucked into the cylinder. As a result, combustion duration increases, IMEP and peak pressure decrease. However, pumping losses decrease. High engine speed has the similar effect on HCCI combustion characteristics as early EVC timings do. But inlet valve opening timings have slight effect on IMEP compared to EVC timings.
Irrespective of engine speeds and valve timings, lambda influences gas exchange and combustion processes. Lean mixture decreases the residuals trapped in the cylinder. Furthermore, in the case of lambda 1.05, ignition often occurs early.
- Bang-Quan He - State Key Laboratory of Engines, Tianjin University
- Hui Xie - State Key Laboratory of Engines, Tianjin University
- Yan Zhang - State Key Laboratory of Engines, Tianjin University
- Jing Qin - State Key Laboratory of Engines, Tianjin University
- Hua Zhao - State Key Laboratory of Engines, Tianjin University
CitationHe, B., Xie, H., Zhang, Y., Qin, J. et al., "An Experimental Study on HCCI Combustion in a Four-Stroke Gasoline Engine with Reduced Valve Lift Operations," SAE Technical Paper 2005-01-3736, 2005, https://doi.org/10.4271/2005-01-3736.
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