This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Experimental Investigation into HCCI Combustion Using Gasoline and Diesel Blended Fuels
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published October 24, 2005 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
Gasoline and diesel, the two fuels with very different characteristics and with wide availability for conventional engine use, were blended as a HCCI engine fuel. Gasoline, with high volatility, easy vaporization and mixture formation, is used to form the homogeneous charge. Diesel fuel which has good ignitability and fast combustion at the conditions predominating in the HCCI environment, is used to dominate the auto-ignition and restrain the knocking combustion. It is expected that these two different fuels with opposite but complementary properties can be used to reach a good compromise in HCCI combustion. Experiments, conducted with moderate compression ratios (CR) and using two modes of HCCI control, i.e. intake heating with CR 15.0 and negative valve overlap (NVO) with CR 10.4, yielded results that prove this expectation. The most significant results are that with increasing proportion of diesel fuel in the blend with gasoline the intake temperature required for knock-free HCCI operation was lowered, the lower end of IMEP range possible with the NVO and the excess air ratio range were extended and emissions of HC and NOx were greatly reduced throughout the engine load range where HCCI operation was possible.
CitationZhong, S., Wyszynski, M., Megaritis, A., Yap, D. et al., "Experimental Investigation into HCCI Combustion Using Gasoline and Diesel Blended Fuels," SAE Technical Paper 2005-01-3733, 2005, https://doi.org/10.4271/2005-01-3733.
- Onishi, S., Jo, S.H., Shoda, K., Jo, P.D. and Kato, S., “Active Thermoatmosphere Combustion (ATAC) - a New Combustion Process for Internal Combustion Engines”, SAE Paper No. 790501.
- Najt, P.M. and Foster, D.E., “Compression-ignited Homogeneous Charge Combustion”, SAE Paper No. 830264.
- Jacques, L., Dabadie, J., Angelberger, C., Duret, P., Willand, J., Juretzka, A., Schaflein, J., Ma, T., Lendresse, Y., Satre, A., Schulz, C., Kramer, H., Zhao, H. and Damiano, L., “Innovative Ultra-low NOx Controlled Auto-Ignition Combustion Process for Gasoline Engine: the 4-SPACE Project”, SAE Paper 2000-01-1837, 2000.
- Ryo,H., Hiromichi,Y., “HCCI Combustion in DI Diesel Engine”, SAE paper No. 2003-01-0745.
- Zheng Z., Yao M., Chen Z. and Zhang B., “Experimental Study on HCCI Combustion of Dimethyl Ether (DME) / Methanol Dual Fuel”, SAE paper No. 2004-01-2993.
- Yap, D., Megaritis, A., and Wyszynski, M. L. “An Experimental Study of Bioethanol HCCI.” Submitted to Combustion Science and Technology, 2005.
- Jun D. and Iida N.,“A Study of High Combustion Efficiency and Low CO Emission in a Natural Gas HCCI Engine”, SAE paper No. 2004-01-1974.
- Wyszynski, M. L., Megaritis, A., Karlovsky, J., Yap, D., Peucheret, S., Lehrle, R. S., Xu, H., and Golunski, S., “Facilitation of HCCI Combustion of Biogas at Moderate Compression Ratios by Application of Fuel Reforming and Inlet Air Heating.” Journal of KONES Internal Combustion Engines, 11(3-4).
- Stenlåås O., Christensen M., Egnell R., Johansson B. and Mauss F.,“Hydrogen as Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition Engine Fuel”, SAE paper No. 2004-01-1976.
- Chen Z., Mitsuru K., Mitsuharu O. and Tadanori Y., “Experimental Study of CI Natural-Gas/DME Homogeneous Charge Engine”, SAE paper No. 2000-01-0329.
- Masahiro, S., Masato, K., Ali, M., Kiyoshi, K. and Shingo, E., “Knock Characteristics and Performance in an SI Engine With Hydrogen and Natural-Gas Blended Fuels”, SAE paper No. 2004-01-1929.
- Toshio S. and Yoshitaka O., “HCCI Combustion of Hydrogen, Carbon Monoxide and Dimethyl Ether”, SAE paper No. 2002-01-0112.
- Christensen, M.; Hultqvist, A.; Johansson, B., Demonstrating the Multi Fuel Capability of a Homogenous Charge Compression Ignition Engine with Variable Compression Ratio, SAE Paper 1999-01-3679.
- Xu Hongming, Fu Huiyu., Williams H., and Shilling I., “Modelling study of combustion and gas exchange in a HCCI (CAI) engine”, SAE paper 2002-01-0114.
- Xu Hongming., Williams A., Fu Huiyu., Wallace S. and Richardson S., “Operating characteristics of a homogeneous charge compression ignition engine with cam profile switching - simulation study”, SAE paper No. 2003-01-1859.
- Yap, D., Wyszynski, M. L., Megaritis, A., and Xu, H., “Applying boosting to gasoline HCCI operation with residual gas trapping.” SAE Technical Paper Series 2005-01-2121.
- Yap D., Megaritis A., Wyszynski M.L., Xu Hongming, “Residual gas trapping for natural gas HCCI” SAE Paper No. 2004-01-1973.
- Yap D., Megaritis A., Peucheret S.M., Wyszynski M.L., Xu Hongming, “Effect of hydrogen addition on natural gas HCCI combustion”, SAE Paper No. 2004-01-1972.
- Xu Hongming, Rudolph Simon, Liu Zhi,Wallace Stan, Richardson Steve, Wyszynski Mirek and Megaritis Athanasios, “An Investigation into the Operating Mode Transitions of a Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition Engine Using EGR Trapping”, SAE Paper No. 2004-01-1911.
- Aceves Salvador M., Flowers Daniel, Martinez-Frias Joel, Espinosa-Loza Francisco, PitzWilliam J., Dibble Robert, “Fuel and additive characterization for HCCI combustion”, SAE Paper No. 2003-01-1814.
- Urushihara T., Hiraya K., Kakuhou A. and Itoh T., “Expansion of HCCI Operating Region by the Combination of Direct Fuel Injection, Negative Valve Overlap and Internal Fuel Reformation”, SAE paper No. 2003-01-0749.
- Ryan Thomas W. III, Callahan Timothy J. and Mehta Darius, “HCCI in a Variable Compression Ratio Engine-Effects of Engine Variables”. SAE Paper No.2004-01-1971.
- Fujimoto H., Senda J., Kawano D. and Wada Y., “Exhaust Emission Through Diesel Combustion of Mixed Fuel Oil Composed of Fuel With High Volatility and That With Low Volatility”, SAE paper No. 2004-01-1845.
- Kusaka Jin, Daisho Yasuhiro, Kihara Ryoji, Saito Takeishi, Combustion and Exhaust Gas Emissions Characteristics of a Diesel Engine Dual Fueled with Natural Gas Injected Directly into the Cylinder JSAE Paper, No.9838903, 1998
- Daisho Yasuhiro, Saito Takeishi, Kusaka Jin, Improvements of Combustion and Exhaust Gas Emissions Characteristics of a Diesel Engine Dual Fueled with Natural, RC154 Final Report, pp. 72-96, 1999.
- Yoshida K, Shoji H, and Tanaka H, “Study on Combustion and Exhaust Gas Emission Characteristics of Lean Gasoline-Air Mixture Ignited by Diesel Fuel Direct Injection”. SAE Paper 982482.
- Jiang Heng-Fei, Wang Jian-Xin, Shuai Shi-Jin “Visualization and Performance Analysis of Gasoline Homogenous Charge Induced Ignition by Diesel”. SAE_05P-304.
- HeB.Q., WangJ.X., ShuaiS.J. and YanX.G., “Homogenous Charge Combustion and Emissions of Ethanol Ignited by Pilot Diesel on Diesel Engine”. SAE Paper 2004-01-0094.