This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Effects of Varying Driving Schedules on the Drive Train Efficiency and Performance Characteristics of a Parallel Diesel-Hybrid Bus
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published September 07, 2005 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
This paper aims at the modeling and performance simulation of a heavy-duty parallel diesel-hybrid transit bus over a variety of different drive cycles. Based on the simulation results, a comparative analysis is performed on the overall drive train efficiencies for the various driving patterns. The simulations are performed for 7 different driving patterns, which show varying results from the point of view of overall percentage drive train efficiency and performance parameters, such as acceleration and tail pipe emissions. Thus, through the studies conducted in this paper, the main goal is to evaluate the potential of the parallel diesel-hybrid transit bus under investigation.
In addition, a critical parameter of the developed hybrid bus is the regenerative energy recovery. It is a well-known fact for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) that the regenerative energy recovery potential is primarily dependent on its driving pattern. Thus, if a particular drive cycle has numerous start and stop driving patterns, it results in significant energy recovery potential, while driving schedules with fewer cycles, exhibit less energy recovery potential, as is the case for highway drive cycles. Hence, based on this theory, the regenerative braking system of the developed diesel-hybrid bus can be evaluated effectively by simulating it over various drive cycles.
CitationWilliamson, S., Emadi, A., and Dewan, A., "Effects of Varying Driving Schedules on the Drive Train Efficiency and Performance Characteristics of a Parallel Diesel-Hybrid Bus," SAE Technical Paper 2005-01-3477, 2005, https://doi.org/10.4271/2005-01-3477.
- Burns J. Cors T. Knight B. Thelen B. “Evaluating advanced automotive energy technologies: a multivariate mobility contribution metric,” International Journal of Energy Technology and Policy 2 3 262 271 April 2004
- Emadi A. Ehsani M. Miller J. M. Vehicular Electric Power Systems: Land, Sea, Air, and Space Vehicles New York Marcel Dekker Dec. 2003
- Chu L. Wang Q. Liu M. Li J. “Parametric design of parallel hybrid power-train for hybrid bus,” Proc. SAE 2004 World Congress and Exhibition , Paper No. 2004-01-1053 Detroit, MI March 2004
- Chu L. Wang Q. Liu M. Li J. “Parametric design of parallel hybrid power-train with ISG for hybrid bus,” Proc. SAE Powertrain and Fluid Systems Conf. and Exhibition , Paper No. 2004-01-3065 Tampa, FL Oct. 2004
- National Renewable Energy Laboratory “Advanced Vehicle Simulator (ADVISOR) Documentation,”
- Stodolsky F. Gaines L. Marshall C. L. An F. Eberhardt J. J. “Total fuel cycle impacts of advanced vehicles,” Proc. SAE International Congress and Expo. , Paper No. 1999-01-0322 Detroit, MI March 1999
- Kreith F. West R. E. Isler B. E. “Efficiency of advanced ground transportation technologies,” ASME Journal of Energy Resources Technology 124 173 179 Sept. 2002
- An F. Santini D. “Assessing tank-to-wheels efficiencies of advanced technology vehicles,” Proc. SAE World Congress and Exhibition , Paper No. 2003-01-0412 Detroit, MI March 2003
- Clark N. N. Xie W. Gautam M. Lyons D. W. Norton P. Balon T. “Hybrid diesel-electric, heavy-duty bus emissions: Benefits of regeneration and need for state of charge correction,” Proc. SAE International Fall Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Expo. , Paper No. 2000-01-2955 Baltimore, MD Oct. 2000
- Dwyer H. A. Tang J. Brodrick C. J. Khau L. Becker C. Wallace J. “The influence of grade on the operating characteristics of conventional and hybrid electric transit buses,” Proc. SAE International Truck and Bus Meeting and Expo. , Paper No. 2002-01-3118 Detroit, MI Nov. 2002
- Brodrick C. J. Sperling D. Dwyer H. A. Becker C. “Emissions from conventional and hybrid electric transit buses tested on standard and San Francisco specific driving cycles,” Proc. SAE International Truck and Bus Meeting and Expo. , Paper No. 2002-01-3117 Detroit, MI Nov. 2002
- McKain D. L. Clark N. N. Balon T. H. Moynihan T. J. Lynch S. A. Webb T. C. “Characterization of emissions from hybrid-electric and conventional transit buses,” Proc. SAE International Spring Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Expo. , Paper No. 2000-01-2011 Paris, France June 2000
- Ciccarelli T. Toossi R. Goodarzi A. “Assessment of hybrid configuration and control strategies in planning future metropolitan/urban transit systems,” Proc. 2001 SAE Future Transportation Technology Conf. and Expo. , Paper No. 2001-01-2502 Detroit, MI Aug. 2001
- Wyczalek F. A. “Driving schedules influence electric and hybrid vehicle efficiency,” Proc. SAE 34 th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conf. , Paper No. 1999-01-2707 Vancouver, Canada Aug. 1999
- Clark N. N. Azu A. Jarrett R. Balon T. Moynihan P. Webb T. Lynch S. “Operating envelopes of hybrid bus engines,” Proc. SAE International Fall Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Expo. , Paper No. 2001-01-3537 San Antonio, Texas Sept. 2001
- Louis J. J. J. “Well-to-wheel energy use and greenhouse gas emissions for various vehicle technologies,” Proc. SAE 2001 World Congress , Paper No. 2001-01-1343 Detroit, MI March 2001
- Juda Z. “Simulation of energy conversion in advanced automotive vehicles,” Proc. SAE Automotive and Transportation Technology Congress and Exhibition , Paper No. 2001-01-3341 Barcelona, Spain Oct. 2003