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A Methodology for Increasing the Signal-to-Noise Ratio for the Misfire Detection at High Speed in a High Performance Engine
Published April 19, 2004 by University of Salerno in Italy
The paper presents a methodology for the pre-processing of the combustion time intervals, that is the basic signal used in misfire detection strategies, with the aim of increasing the signal-to-noise ratio to enable a more efficient misfire diagnosis, especially when the engine is running at high speeds and low loads. The performance of the basic misfire detection algorithm shows that in those engine-operating conditions the background noise amplitude has approximately the same value of the information related to the misfire presence, thus hiding the misfire event that may not be detected. The proposed methodology is based on the correction of the combustion time signal cycle-by-cycle, using a vector of data that take into account the specific behavior of every cylinder combustion. For each engine running condition, the vector of data for the combustion time correction is stored in a map inside the control unit and could be continuously updated with an auto- adaptive learning technique. Some results of the methodology are reported in the paper, and compared with the basic misfire detection algorithm performance.