This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Behavior of Diesel Combustion and Exhaust Emission with Neat Diesel Fuel and Diesel-Biodiesel Blends
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published October 25, 2004 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
In this report diesel combustion and exhaust emission with neat diesel fuel and diesel-biodiesel blends is investigated. In the investigation, first, the making of biodiesel is done by esterification and second, experiment is conducted with neat diesel fuel and diesel-biodiesel blends in a four stroke naturally aspirated (NA) direct injection (DI) diesel engine. The volumetric blending ratios of biodiesel with conventional diesel fuel are set at 0, 5, 10, 15, and 20. Compared with neat diesel fuel, diesel-biodiesel blends show lower carbon monoxide (CO), and smoke emissions due to the improved properties after esterification and the presence of oxygen in the biodiesel. With diesel-biodiesel blends nitrogen oxide (NOx) is reduced at retarded injection timing but increased at advanced injection timing. Engine noise is reduced significantly with all diesel-biodiesel blends.
CitationNabi, M., Shahadat, M., Rahman, M., and Alam Beg, M., "Behavior of Diesel Combustion and Exhaust Emission with Neat Diesel Fuel and Diesel-Biodiesel Blends," SAE Technical Paper 2004-01-3034, 2004, https://doi.org/10.4271/2004-01-3034.
- Aksoy, H.A., Kahraman I., Karaosmanoglu, F, and Civelekoglu, “Evaluation of Turkish Sulfur Olive Oil as an Alternative Diesel Fuel”, JAOCS, 65(6), 936-938 (1988).
- Canakci, M. and Van Gerpen, J.H., “Biodiesel Production from Oils and Fats with High Free Fatty Acids”, Transactions of the ASAE, Vol. 44, No. 6 (2001).
- Canakci, M., and Van Garpen, J.H., “Comparison of Engine Performance and Emissions for Petroleum Diesel Fuel, Yellow Grease Biodiesel, and Soybean Oil Biodiesel”, ASAE Paper No. 016050 (2001).
- Mittlbach, M., Poktis, B., and Silberholz, A., “Production and Fuel Properties of Fatty Acid Methyl Esters from Used Frying Oil. In Liquid Fuels from Renewable Resources”, Proceedings of an Alternative Energy Conference, 74-78, Nashville, TN, 14-15 December, St Joseph, MI: ASAE (1992).
- Isigigur-Tuna A., Karaosmanoglu, F, and Aksoy, H.A., “Used Frying Oil as Diesel Fuel Alternative”, In 1990 CIC Congress-Chemical Solutions for the Third Millenium, 40th Canadian Chemical Engineering Conference and Exhibition, 110, Halifax, NS, Canada, 15-20 July (1990).
- Nye, M.J., Williamson, T.W., Deshpande, S., Schrader, J.H., Snively, W.H., Yurkewich, T.P., and French, C.L., “Conversion of Used Frying Oil to Diesel Fuel by Transesterification-Preliminary Test”, JAOCS, 60(8), 1598-1601 (1983).
- Peterson, C.L., Reece, D.L., Hammond, B., Thompson, J.C., and Beck, S., “Commercialization of Idaho Biodiesel (HySEE) from Ethanol and Waste Vegetable Oil”, ASAE Paper No. 95-6738. St Joseph, MI, ASAE (1995).
- Reed, T.B., Graboski, M.S., and Gaur, S., “Development and Commercialization of Oxygenated Diesel Fuels from Waste Vegetable Oils”, In Energy from Biomass and Wastes, 907-914, The Institute of Gas Technology, IIT Center, Chicago, IL (1991).
- Monyem, A., Van Gerpen, J.H., and Canakci, M., “The Effect of Timing and Oxidation on Emissions from Biodiesel Fueled Engines”, Transactions of the ASAE, Vol. 44(1): 35-42 (2001).
- JANAF, “Thermodynamic Tables”, DOW Chemical Company, 1965.
- Mizutani, Y. “Internal Combustion Engines”, Sankaido 11-7, 1972.
- Ferguson, C.R. “Internal Combustion Engines-Applied Thermo-Sciences”, John Willy and Sons, 1986.