This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Behavior of a Small Four-Stroke Engine Using as Fuel Methanol - Gasoline Mixtures
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published September 16, 2003 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
Air pollution caused by engines is an international problem. Antipollution technology provides many technical solutions that may be effective in some countries and be inapplicable in others. The need for air pollution control and the shortage of petroleum-based fuels lead to the use of renewable sources of fuels, the biofuels. Quantities of alcohols can be used as fuel in order to substitute some part of gasoline in internal combustion engines. Methanol is an alternative fuel and can be produced from non-petroleum feed stocks such as coal or biomass. This paper examines the use of methanol-gasoline mixtures in an internal combustion engine of a small displacement that is used for the movement of a small alternative electrical generator. Different mixtures of methanol-gasoline (10%, 20% and 30% methanol) were used as fuel. The engine functioned without load at first and then under full load conditions (1KW). During the function of the engine the gas emissions (CO, HC) and the fuel consumption were measured constantly for every mixture separately. Test showed an important decrease of gas emissions when the percentage of methanol in the gasoline was increased. Also, there was no evidence of engine malfunction when the percentage of methanol in the methanol-gasoline mixtures was increased. The fuel consumption increases when the percentage of methanol in the fuel increases.
|Technical Paper||Current and Potential Future Performance of Ethanol Fuels|
|Technical Paper||A Survey of Alcohol as a Motor Fuel|
|Journal Article||Tailoring Ethanol High Temperature Ignition by Means of Chemical Additives and Water Content|
CitationArapatsakos, C., Karkanis, A., and Sparis, P., "Behavior of a Small Four-Stroke Engine Using as Fuel Methanol - Gasoline Mixtures," SAE Technical Paper 2003-32-0024, 2003, https://doi.org/10.4271/2003-32-0024.
- Harrison M. R. “ Pollution: Causes, Effects and Control ” Royal Society of Chemistry 1996 293
- Nostrand's Van “ Scientific Encyclopedia ” Sixth Concidine 1983 1868
- Buell Ph. Girard J. “ Chemistry An Environmental Perspective ” Prentice Hall. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey 07632 1994 268 403 477 503
- Maxwell Timothy T. Jones Jesse C. “ Alternative fuels Emissions, Economics and Performance ” SAE 1995
- Bata R. M. Elrod A. C. Rice R. W. “ Emissions from IC engines fueled with alchohol-gasoline blends: a literature review ” Engines Emissions Technology for the 1990's 4 Springer K. J. 1988 141 151
- Owen Keith Coley Trevor “Automotive Fuels Reference Book” Second SAE 1995
- API “ Alcohols and Ethers, A Technical Assessment of Their Application as Fuels and Fuel Components ” API Publication Second July 1998
- Swedish Motor Fuel Technology Co. “ Alcohols and alcohol blends as motor fuels ” II 8 39 1986