This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Changes in Vehicle Designs from Frontal Offset and Side Impact Crash Testing
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published March 03, 2003 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) has been conducting frontal offset crash tests of new passenger vehicles and providing comparative crashworthiness information to the public since 1995. This program has resulted in large improvements in frontal crashworthiness largely because vehicle structures have been redesigned to prevent significant collapse of the occupant compartment. In late 2002, IIHS began a side impact crash test program in which the side-impacting barrier has been designed to simulate the geometry of the front ends of SUVs and pickups, which pose a much larger threat in side impacts than the lower front ends of cars. It is anticipated that this program, too, will result in changes in vehicle structure, in this case the structure of the vehicle side pillars and door hardware. Good performance in the side impact test also is likely to require installation of side airbags (or comparable system) to protect the head and/or chest.
These improvements in vehicle crashworthiness for both frontal and side impacts will reduce incompatibility in motor vehicle crashes by improving self protection without adversely affecting the consequences for occupants of “partner” vehicles in two-vehicle crashes. Evidence for this is that the structural changes seen so far in response to the frontal offset test do not appear to be increasing vehicle aggressivity. Similarly, the vehicle changes expected in response to the side impact test procedure seem unlikely to have any effect on aggressivity in two-vehicle crashes.
|Technical Paper||Frontal Crash Tests - A Comparison of Methods|
|Technical Paper||NHTSA's Frontal Offset Research Program|
|Technical Paper||CURRENT FRONT STIFFNESS OF EUROPEAN VEHICLES WITH REGARD TO COMPATIBILITY|
CitationLund, A. and Nolan, J., "Changes in Vehicle Designs from Frontal Offset and Side Impact Crash Testing," SAE Technical Paper 2003-01-0902, 2003, https://doi.org/10.4271/2003-01-0902.
Advances in Vehicle Aggresivity & Compatibility, Side & Rear Impact, & Rollover Protection
Number: SP-1775; Published: 2003-03-03
Number: SP-1775; Published: 2003-03-03
- Green R.N. German A. Nowak E.S. Dalmotas D. Stewart D.E. 1994 Fatal injuries to restrained passenger car occupants in Canada: crash modes and kinematics of injury Accident Analysis and Prevention 26 207 14
- Lowne R.W. 1994 EEVC Working Group II report on the development of a front impact test procedure Proceedings of the 14th International Technical Conference on Enhanced Safety of Vehicles 1334 51 Washington, DC National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
- O'Neill B. Lund A.K. Zuby D.S. Preuss C.A. 1994 Offset frontal impacts: a comparison of real-world crashes with laboratory tests Proceedings of the 14th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles 649 70 Washington, DC National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
- Park B.T. Hackney J.R. Morgan R.M. Chan H. Lowrie J.C. Devlin H.E. 1999 The New Car Assessment Program: Has it led to stiffer light trucks and vans over the years? (SAE 1999-01-0064) Vehicle Aggressivity and Compatibility in Automotive Crashes (SP-1442) 7 20 Warrendale, PA Society of Automotive Engineers
- Insurance Institute for Highway Safety 2001 Crash-worthiness improvements Status Report 36 3 Arlington, VA
- Zeidler F. Knöchelmann F. 1997 The influence of frontal crash test speeds on the compatibility of passenger cars in real-world accidents. Report No. 1354 Verlag des Verein Deutscher Ingenieure GmbH, Dusseldorf, Germany
- Verma M.K. Lange R.C. General Motors Corporation A manufacturer's view of vehicle compatibility in crashes Presented at the SAE Government Meeting May 2002 NHTSA Docket Submission 3332
- Nolan J.M. Lund A.K. 2001 Frontal offset de-formable barrier crash testing and its effect on vehicle stiffness Proceedings of the 17th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (CD ROM) Washington, DC National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
- Nolan J.M. Powell M.R. Preuss C.A. Lund A.K. 1999 Factors contributing to front-side compatibility: a comparison of crash test results (SAE 99SC02) Proceedings of the 43rd Stapp Car Crash Conference (P-350) 13 24 Warrendale, PA Society of Automotive Engineers
- Meyerson S.L. Nolan J.M. 2001 Effects of geometry and stiffness on the frontal compatibility of utility vehicles Proceedings of the 17th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (CD ROM) Washington, DC National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
- Insurance Institute for Highway Safety 2001 Head protection in side impacts Status Report 36 1 Arlington, VA
- Arbelaez R.A. Dakin G.J. Nolan J.M. Dalmotas D.J. Tylko S. 2002 IIHS side impact barrier: development and crash test experience IMechE Conference Transactions: International Conference on Vehicle Safety 2002 73 88 London, United Kingdom Professional Engineering Publishing Ltd.
- Lund A.K. O'Neill B. Nolan J.M. Chapline J.F. 2000 Crash compatibility issue in perspective SAE Technical Paper Series 2000-01-1378 Warrendale, PA Society of Automotive Engineers