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Measurements of stiffness and geometric compatibility in front-to-side crashes
Published June 04, 2001 by National Highway Traffic Safety Administration in United States
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) routinely measures the force exerted on the barrier in crash tests. Thirty-six load cells on the face of the rigid barrier measure the force. This study examines the load cell barrier data collected during recent years of NCAP testing to determine how it can be used to assess vehicle compatibility in vehicle-to-vehicle front-to-side crashes.
The height of the center-of-force measured by the columns of load cells is proposed as a metric for quantitatively describing the geometric properties of the crash forces. For front-to-side crashes, the geometric and stiffness properties of frontal structures during the early stages of crush are applicable. Consequently, geometric and stiffness measurements at a crush of 125 mm are presented in this paper. This paper shows the range of the compatibility and stiffness parameters measured on cars, pickups, vans, and multi-purpose vehicles.