This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Dimethoxy Methane in Diesel Fuel: Part 1. The Effect of Fuels and Engine Operating Modes on Emissions of Toxic Air Pollutants and Gas/Solid Phase PAH
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published September 24, 2001 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
The objective of this study was to quantify engine-out emissions of potentially toxic compounds from a modern diesel engine operated with different fuels including 15% v/v dimethoxy methane in a low sulfur diesel fuel. Five diesel fuels were examined: a low-sulfur, low-aromatic hydrocracked (∼1 ppm) fuel, the same low sulfur fuel containing 15% v/v dimethoxy methane, a Fischer-Tropsch fuel, a CARB fuel, and an EPA number 2 certification fuel. A DaimlerChrysler OM611 CIDI engine was controlled with a SwRI Rapid Prototyping Electronic Control system. The engine was operated over 4 speed-load modes. Each operating mode and fuel combination was run in triplicate. Thirty three potentially toxic compounds were measured for each fuel and mode. An analysis of variance of the fuels showed that, in general, the 15% v/v dimethoxy methane fuel and the Fisher-Tropsch fuels had significantly lower (p < 0.05) emissions of measured compounds compared to the remaining fuels and were statistically indistinguishable from each other.
- James C. Ball - Ford Motor Co.
- Charles Lapin - Lapin Associates
- Janet Buckingham - Southwest Research Institute
- Edwin Frame - Southwest Research Institute
- Doug Yost - Southwest Research Institute
- John Garbak - U. S. Department of Energy
- A. Manuel - PDVSA Intevep.
- D. González - PDVSA Intevep.
- Eleanor Liney - Equilon Enterprises
- Mani Natarajan - Marathon Ashland Petroleum Co.
- James P. Wallace - Wallace Associates, LLC
CitationBall, J., Lapin, C., Buckingham, J., Frame, E. et al., "Dimethoxy Methane in Diesel Fuel: Part 1. The Effect of Fuels and Engine Operating Modes on Emissions of Toxic Air Pollutants and Gas/Solid Phase PAH," SAE Technical Paper 2001-01-3627, 2001, https://doi.org/10.4271/2001-01-3627.
SAE 2001 Transactions Journal of Fuels and Lubricants
Number: V110-4; Published: 2002-09-15
Number: V110-4; Published: 2002-09-15
- Fleisch, T., McCarthy, C., Basu, A., Udovich, C., Charbonneau, P., Slodowske, W., Mikkelsen, S.E., and McCandless, J., “A new clean diesel technology demonstration of ULEV emissions on a Navistar diesel engine fueled with dimethyl ether,” SAE Paper 950061 (1995).
- Sorensen, S.C., Mikkelsen, S.E., “Performance and emissions of a 0.273 L direct injection diesel engine fueled with neat dimethyl ether,” SAE Paper 950064 (1995).
- Kajitani, S., Chen, Z.L., Konno, M., and Rhee, K.T., “Engine performance and exhaust characteristics of a direct-injection diesel engine operated with DME,” SAE paper 972973 (1997).
- Verbeek, R., and Van der Weide, J., “Global assessment of dimethylether: comparison with other fuels,” SAE paper 971607 (1997).
- Sirman, M.B., Owens, E.C., Whitney, K.A., “Emissions comparison of alternative fuels in an advanced automotive diesel engine,” SAE Paper 2000-01-2048 (2000).
- Maricq, M.M., Chase, R.E., Podsiadlik, D.H., Siegl, W.O., and Kaiser, E.W., “The effect of dimethoxymethane additive on diesel particulate emissions,” SAE Paper 982572 (1998).
- Hilden, D.L., Eckstrom, J.C., and Wolf, L.R., “The emissions performance of oxygenated diesel fuels in a prototype DI diesel engine,” SAE Paper 2001-01-0650 (2001).
- Kocis, D., Song, K., Lee, H., and Litzinger, T., “Effects of dimethoxymethane and dimethylcarbonate on soot production in an optically-accessible DI diesel engine,” SAE Paper 2000-01-2795 (2000).
- Chapman, E.M., Bhide, S.V., and Boehman, A.L., “Emission characteristics of a Navistar 7.3L turbodiesel fueled with blends of oxygenates and diesel,” SAE paper 2000-01-2887 (2000).
- Szymkowicz, P.G., French, D.T., and Crellin, C.C., “Effects of advanced fuels on the particulate and NOx emissions from an optimized light-duty CIDI engine,” SAE paper 2001-01-0148 (2001).
- Gardner, T.P., Low, S.S., and Kenney, T.E., “Evaluation of some alternative diesel fuels for low emissions and improved fuel economy,” SAE paper 2001-01-0149 (2001).
- Korn, S.J., “An advanced diesel fuels test program,” SAE paper 2001-01-0150 (2001).
- Kenney, T.E., Gardner, T.P., Low, S.S., Eckstrom, J.C., Wolf, L.R., Korn, S.J., and Szmkowicz, P.G., “Overall Results: Phase 1 Ad Hoc Diesel Fuel Test Program,” SAE paper 2001-01-0151 (2001).
- Bland, M., “An Introduction to Medical Statistics,” Oxford University Press, New York (1987).
- Mason, R.L., Gunst, R.F., and Hess, J.L., “Statistical Design and Analysis of Experiments with Applications to Engineering and Science,” John Wiley &Sons, Inc, New York, 1989.
- Millikin, G.A., and Johnson, D.E., “Analysis of Messy Data, Volume I: Designed Experiments,” Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1984.