This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Estimating Plant Growth Area With The Biomass Production Chamber Sizing Model
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published July 09, 2001 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
The Biomass Production Chamber (BPC) Sizing Model has been designed to incorporate plant growth chamber options into NASA’s Advanced Life Support Sizing Analysis Tool. The concept addressed by the model is that the gas exchange from a biomass production chamber, in conjunction with human metabolic data and food consumption rates, can be used to estimate the chamber size necessary for the gas exchange and food production rate required for a specific crew size.
NASA’s baseline design utilizes a 78m2 (840 ft2) plant growth area and a 9.45m (31 ft) center shelf length. Using an iterative comparison method, the center shelf is incremented by 1.5m (5 ft) sections until necessary food production requirements and gas exchange rates are satisfied.
CitationBrown, C. and Lee, W., "Estimating Plant Growth Area With The Biomass Production Chamber Sizing Model," SAE Technical Paper 2001-01-2320, 2001, https://doi.org/10.4271/2001-01-2320.
- Barta, D. and Henderson, K., “JSC VPGC Sweet Potato Harvest: Preliminary Results,” Advanced Life Support Status Telecon, NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, June 15, 2000.
- Barta, Daniel J., Castillo, Juan M., and Fortson, Russ E., “The Biomass Production System for the Bioregenerative Planetary Life Support Systems Test Complex: Preliminary Designs and Considerations,” Document Number 199-01-2188, NASA Johnson Space Center and Lockheed-Martin Space Operations, Houston, TX.
- Brown, Cheryl B., and Lee, Wen-Ching, “Development of a Biomass Production Chamber Sizing Model Using Microsoft Excel©,” Paper Number 67c, American Institute of Chemical Engineers Spring 2001 Annual Conference, Houston, TX, April, 2001.
- Castillo, Juan, Drawing Nos. BPTSIS009, BPTSIS010, BPTSIS011, BPTSIS012, BPTSIS013, Lockheed Martin Space Operations, 1999.
- Castillo, Juan, Barta, Daniel, Ewert, Mike, Fuentes, Olivia, “BIO-Plex Biomass Production System Preliminary Design Review,” NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, August 3, 2000.
- Drysdale, A. E. and Hanford, A. J., “Advanced Life Support Systems Modeling and Analysis Project Baseline Values and Assumptions Document,” Technical Memorandum, Document Number CTSD-ADV-371, NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, June 18, 1999.
- ITEM® Products, Inc., Order Catalogue, Texas Service Center, 6703 Theall Road, Houston, Texas 77066, January, 1999.
- Lane, Helen W. and Schoeller, Dale A., Nutrition in Spaceflight and Weightlessness Models, New York: CRC Press, 2000.
- Requirements Definition and Design Considerations, NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, January, 1998
- Souci, Fachman and Kraut, Food Composition and Nutrition Tables, 5th Edition, Medpharm Scientific Publishers, 1994.
- Tibbitts, T. W., Cao, W., and Wheeler, R. M., “Growth of Potatoes for CELSS,” NASA Contractor Report 177646, Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035-1000, August, 1994.
- Wheeler, Raymond M., “Gas-Exchange Measurements using a Large, Closed Plant Growth Chamber,” HortScience, Vol. 27(7), July 1992.
- Wheeler, Raymond M., Corey, Kenneth A., Sager, John C., and Knott, William M., “Gas Exchange Characteristics of Wheat Stands Grown in a Closed, Controlled Environment,” Crop Science, 33:161–168, 1993.
- Wheeler, R. M., Mackowiak, C. L., Sager, J. C., Yorio, N. C., and Knott, W. M., “Growth and Gas Exchange by Lettuce Stands in a Closed, Controlled Environment,” J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 119(3):610–615, 1994.
- Wheeler, R. M., Mackowiak, C. L., Stutte, G., W., Sager, J. C., Yorio, N. C., Ruffe, L. M., Fortson, R. E., Dreschel, T. W., Knott, W. M., Corey, K. A., “NASA’s Biomass Production Chamber: A Testbed for Bioregenerative Life Support Studies,” Adv. Space Res., Vol. 18, No. 4/5:3215– 224, 1996.
- Wheeler, R. M, and Stutte, G., W., Personal Correspondence, January, 2001.