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Well-to-Wheel Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions for Various Vehicle Technologies
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published March 05, 2001 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
Event: SAE 2001 World Congress
The well-to-wheel greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and energy use of selected alternative vehicles are compared to those of a conventional gasoline vehicle. The vehicle technologies investigated are internal combustion engine, hybrid and fuel cell technology. The fuels are assumed to be produced from either crude oil or natural gas. Wherever possible real data has been used. The study shows that hybrid vehicles emit a similar amount of greenhouse gas as fuel cell vehicles. The diesel hybrid uses the least primary energy. The least greenhouse gas emissions are produced by natural gas and hydrogen hybrid and fuel cell vehicles.
CitationLouis, J., "Well-to-Wheel Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions for Various Vehicle Technologies," SAE Technical Paper 2001-01-1343, 2001, https://doi.org/10.4271/2001-01-1343.
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