This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Active Damping of Engine Idle Speed Oscillation by Applying Adaptive Pid Control
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published March 05, 2001 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
Event: SAE 2001 World Congress
This paper investigates the use of an adaptive proportional-integral-derivative (APID) controller to reduce a combustion engine crankshaft speed pulsation. Both computer simulations and engine test rig experiments are used to validate the proposed control scheme. The starter/alternator (S/A) is used as the actuator for engine speed control. The S/A is an induction machine. It produces a supplemental torque source to cancel out the fast engine torque variation. This machine is placed on the engine crankshaft. The impact of the slowly varying changes in engine operating conditions is accounted for by adjusting the APID controller parameters on-line.
The APID control scheme tunes the PID controller parameters by using the theory of adaptive interaction. The tuning algorithm determines a set of PID parameters by minimizing an error function. The error function is a weighted combination of the plant states and the required control effort. The tuning procedure is automatic and requires no human intuition or intervention. The algorithm is simple and can be easily implemented on-line as well as off-line. Two versions of the tuning algorithm are presented: the Frechet and approximation methods. They are applied to the problem of engine speed pulsation damping. The approximation method does not require the knowledge of the plant to be controlled; thus, the control scheme becomes robust to plant changes. This type of tuning technique can be applied to a large class of linear and non-linear systems.
CitationBadreddine, B., Zaremba, A., Sun, J., and Lin, F., "Active Damping of Engine Idle Speed Oscillation by Applying Adaptive Pid Control," SAE Technical Paper 2001-01-0261, 2001, https://doi.org/10.4271/2001-01-0261.
Electronic Engine Controls: Modeling, Controls, Obd and Neural Networks
Number: SP-1585; Published: 2001-03-05
Number: SP-1585; Published: 2001-03-05
- Lee Hyeoun-Dong Sul Sueng-Ki “Diesel Engine Ripple Torque Minimization For Parallel Type Hybrid Electric Vehicle,” IEEE Industry Applications Society, Annual Meeting New Orleans, Louisiana October 5-9 1997
- Zeyen K-P Pets T. “ISAD®-A Computer Controlled Integrated Starter-Alternator-Damper-System,” SAE, ref# 972660
- Kadomukai Y. Yamakado M. Nakamura Y. Murakami K. FuKushima M. “Reducing Vibration in Idling Vehicles by Actively Controlling Electric Machine Torque,” Trans. Japan Soc. Mech. Eng. 59 560 1023 1030 1993
- Gusev S. V. Johnson W. Miller J. “Active flywheel control based on the method of moment restrictions,” Proceedings of the American Control Conference 652 656 1996
- Zaremba A. Davis R. “Control Development for Starter/Alternator Active Flywheel,” Ford Motor Company Internal Report Dearborn, MI August 20 1999
- Davis R. “Engine and vehicle Model for Starter/Alternator Active Flywheel Development,” Ford Motor Company, report# SRR-1998-0048 Dearborn, MI March 18 1998
- Ziegler J. G. Nichols N. B. “Optimum setting for automatic controllers,” Trans. ASME 64 759 768 1942
- Tan L.-Y. Weber T.W. “Controller tuning of a third-order process under proportional-integral control,” Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Process Design and Development 24 1155 1160 1985
- Dahlin E. B. “Designing and tuning digital controllers,” Instruments and Control Systems 42 77 83 1968
- Kessler C. “Das symmetrische Optimum, Teil II,” Regelung-stecnil 6 12 432 436 1958b
- Loron L. “Tuning of PID Controllers by the non-symmetrical Optimum Method,” Automatica 33 1 103 107 1997
- Voda A. A. Landau I. D. “A Method for the Auto-Calibration of PID Controllers,” Automatica 31 1 41 53 1995
- Nishikawa Y. Sannomiya N. Ohta T. Tanaka H. “ A Method for Auto-Tuning of PID Control Parameters,” Automatica 20 3 321 332 1984
- Poulin E. Pomerleau A. Desbiens A. Hodouin D. “Development and Evaluation of an Auto-Tuning and Adaptive PID Controller,” 1995 Elsevier Science Ltd Great Britain
- Lam B. D. Lam C. H. “Adaptive PID Control Application for an Airflow Monitoring System,” SAE, ref# 921220
- Harada Y. Miyata H. Hayakawa Y. Fujii S. “Cruise Control System Using Adaptive Control Theory,” SAE, ref# 931917
- Brandt R. Lin F. “Adaptive interaction and its application to neural networks,” Information Sciences 121 1999 210 215
- Lin F. Brandt R. Saikalis G. “Self Tuning of PID Controller by Adaptive Interaction,” Proceedings of the American Control Conference Chicago, Illinois June 2000 3676 3681
- Rizzoni G. “Estimate of Indicated Torque from Crankshaft Speed Fluctuations: A Model for the Dynamics of the IC Engine,” IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology 38 3 168 179 August 1989
- Rizzoni G. “Estimate of Indicated Torque From Crankshaft Speed Fluctuations: a Model for the Dynamics of the IC Engine,” XXII International Symposium on Automotive Technology and Automation Florence, Italy May 1987
- Åstrom K. J. Wittenmark B. “ Adaptive Control,” Addison-Wesley 2nd 185 199 1995