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Non-Thermal Plasma System Development for CIDI Exhaust Aftertreatment
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published April 02, 2000 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
Event: Future Car Congress
There is a need for an efficient, durable technology to reduce NOx emissions from oxidative exhaust streams such as those produced by compression-ignition, direct-injection (CIDI) diesel or lean-burn gasoline engines. A partnership formed between the DOE Office of Advanced Automotive Technology, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the USCAR Low Emission Technologies Research and Development Partnership is evaluating the effectiveness of a non-thermal plasma in conjunction with catalytic materials to mediate NOx and particulate emissions from diesel fueled light duty (CIDI) engines. Preliminary studies showed that plasma-catalyst systems could reduce up to 70% of NOx emissions at an equivalent cost of 3.5% of the input fuel in simulated diesel exhaust. These studies also showed that the type and concentration of hydrocarbon play a key role in both the plasma gas phase chemistry and the catalyst surface chemistry. More recently, plasma/catalyst systems have been evaluated for NOx reduction and particulate removal on a CIDI engine. Performance results for select plasma-catalyst systems for both simulated and actual CIDI exhaust will be presented. The effect of NOx and hydrocarbon concentration on plasma-catalyst performance will also be shown.
- John Hoard - Ford Motor Co.
- Ken Howden - United States Department of Energy
- M. Lou Balmer - Pacific Northwest National Lab.
- Russ Tonkyn - Pacific Northwest National Lab.
- Gary Maupin - Pacific Northwest National Lab.
- Steven Yoon - Pacific Northwest National Lab.
- Ana Kolwaite - Pacific Northwest National Lab.
- Steve Barlow - Pacific Northwest National Lab.
- Norberto Domingo - Oak Ridge National Lab.
- John Storey - Oak Ridge National Lab.
CitationBalmer, M., Tonkyn, R., Maupin, G., Yoon, S. et al., "Non-Thermal Plasma System Development for CIDI Exhaust Aftertreatment," SAE Technical Paper 2000-01-1601, 2000, https://doi.org/10.4271/2000-01-1601.
SAE 2000 Transactions Journal of Fuels and Lubricants
Number: V109-4; Published: 2001-09-15
Number: V109-4; Published: 2001-09-15
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