This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
On-Road Use of Fischer-Tropsch Diesel Blends
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published April 27, 1999 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
Event: Government/Industry Meeting
Alternative compression ignition engine fuels are of interest both to reduce emissions and to reduce U.S. petroleum fuel demand. A Malaysian Fischer-Tropsch gas-to-liquid fuel was compared with California #2 diesel by characterizing emissions from over the road Class 8 tractors with Caterpillar 3176 engines, using a chassis dynamometer and full scale dilution tunnel. The 5-Mile route was employed as the test schedule, with a test weight of 42,000 lb. Levels of oxides of nitrogen (NOx) were reduced by an average of 12% and particulate matter (PM) by 25% for the Fischer-Tropsch fuel over the California diesel fuel. Another distillate fuel produced catalytically from Fischer-Tropsch products originally derived from natural gas by Mossgas was also compared with 49-state #2 diesel by characterizing emissions from Detroit Diesel 6V-92 powered transit buses, three of them equipped with catalytic converters and rebuilt engines, and three without. The CBD cycle was employed as the test schedule, with a test weight of 33,050 lb. For those buses with catalytic converters and rebuilt engines, NOx was reduced by 8% and PM was reduced by 31% on average, while for those buses without, NOx was reduced by 5% and PM was reduced by 20% on average. It is concluded that advanced compression ignition fuels from non-petroleum sources can offer environmental advantages in typical line haul and city transit applications.
- Nigel Clark - West Virginia Univ
- Mridul Gautam - West Virginia Univ
- Donald Lyons - West Virginia Univ
- Chris Atkinson - West Virginia Univ
- Wenwei Xie - West Virginia Univ
- Paul Norton - National Renewable Energy Laboratory
- Keith Vertin - National Renewable Energy Laboratory
- Stephen Goguen - U. S. Department of Energy
- James Eberhardt - U. S. Department of Energy
CitationClark, N., Gautam, M., Lyons, D., Atkinson, C. et al., "On-Road Use of Fischer-Tropsch Diesel Blends," SAE Technical Paper 1999-01-2251, 1999, https://doi.org/10.4271/1999-01-2251.
- Nine, R.D., Clark, N.N., Mace, B.D., Morrison, R.W., Remcho, V.T., Lowe, P.C. and McLaughlin, L.W., “Use of Soy-Derived Fuel for Environmental Impact Reduction in Marine Engine Applications”, American Society of Agricultural Engineers Annual Meeting, Orlando, Fl., 1998, ASAE Paper 986083.
- Zhang, Y. and Van Gerpen, J.H., “Combustion Analysis of Esters of Soybean Oil in a Diesel Engine”, SAE Paper 960795, 1996.
- Mann, N., Kvinge, F., and Wilson, G., “Diesel Fuel Effects on Emissions: Towards a Better Understanding,” SAE Paper No. 982486, 1998.
- Brown, S. J., “An Experimental Investigation of Affordable Alternative Fuel and Exhaust Aftertreatment Options for Urban Busses,” Proceedings of the Trucks and Buses: The Result of Real-World Emission Testing, Millbrook Proving Grounds, U. K., December 1997.
- Sirman, M., Owens, E. C., and Whitney, K. A., “Emissions Comparisons of Alternative Fuels in an Advanced Automotive Diesel Engine,” Interim Report TFLRF No. 338, Department of Energy, Contract No. DAAK70-92-C-0059, 1998.
- Schaberg, P., Myburgh, I., Botha, J., Roets, P., Viljoen, C., Dancuart, L., and Starr, M., “Diesel Exhaust Emissions Using Sasol Slurry Phase Distillate Process Fuels,” SAE Paper No. 972898, 1997.
- Norton, P., Bailey, B. K., Goguen, S. J., Vertin, K. D., Clark, N. N., Lyons, D. W., Eberhardt, J. J., “Emissions from Trucks using Fischer-Tropsch Diesel Fuel”, SAE Paper No. 982526, 1998.
- Chandler, K. L., Norton, P., Clark, N. N., “Interim Results from Alternative Fuel Truck Evaluation Project”, SAE Paper No. 1999-01-1505, 1999.
- Norton, P., Vertin, K. D., Clark, N. N., Lyons, D. W., Goguen, S. J., Eberhardt, J., “Emissions from Buses with DDC 6V92 Engines using Fischer-Tropsch Diesel Fuel”, SAE Paper No. 1999-01-1512, 1999.
- Clark. N. N., Gautam, M., Bata, R- M., and Lyons, D. W., “Design and Operation of a New Transportable Laboratory for Emissions Testing of Heavy Duty Trucks and Buses”, International Journal of Vehicle Design: Heavy Vehicle Systems, Vol. 2, Nos. 3/4, pp. 285-299. 1995.
- Clark, N. N., McKain, D. L., Messer, T. J., and Lyons, D.W., “Chassis Test Cycles for Assessing Emissions from Heavy Duty Trucks”, SAE Paper 941946, 1994.
- Clark, N. N., Messer, T. J.,, McKain, D. L., Wang, W. G., Bata, R. M., Gautam, M., and Lyons, D. W., “Use of the West Virginia University Truck Test Cycle to Evaluate Emissions from Class 8 Trucks”, SAE Paper 951016, 1995.
- McKain, D. L. and Clark, N. N., “Speed and Power Regressions for Quality Control of Heavy Duty Vehicle Chassis Dynamometer Research”, SAE Paper 1999-01-0614, 1999.