The biofidelity of the EUROSID neck
Published September 8, 1987 by International Research Council on Biokinetics of Impact in Switzerland
This paper deals with the EUROSID neck performance in terms of biofidelity in both lateral and frontal impact directions. The human reference data base comprises the results from volunteer sled tests conducted by the Naval Biodynamics Laboratory in New Orleans.
The EUROSID neck evaluation, according to these data, was performed on the basis of whole dummy sled tests -for lateral direction- and pendulum tests- for frontal direction-. In earlier APR publication it was shown that EUROSID neck responses in lateral direction are rather satisfactory. This conclusion was however based on the basis of the first formulation of neck requirements as proposed by ISO/TC22/SC12/WG5. Recently, these requirements have been completed. According to this new formulation, an evaluation of EUROSID neck performance is proposed here.
In order to illustrate the neck behavior under frontal solicitations a dozen frontal pendulum tests involving the EUROSID head/neck assembly were carried out by the Vehicle Research and Test Center. Results of one of the most severe pendulum test are presented and compared to the corridors generated at TNO using a mathematical simulation of human volunteer behavior.